[Rd] update forgets about offset() (PR#6656)

Mark.Bravington at csiro.au Mark.Bravington at csiro.au
Tue Mar 9 06:52:31 MET 2004

In R1.7 and above (including R 1.9 alpha), 'update.formula' forgets to copy any offset(...) term in the original '.' formula:

test> df <- data.frame( x=1:4, y=sqrt( 1:4), z=c(2:4,1))
test> fit1 <- glm( y~offset(x)+z, data=df)
test> fit1$call
glm(formula = y ~ offset(x) + z, data = df)

test> fit1u <- update( fit1, ~.)
test> fit1u$call
glm(formula = y ~ z, data = df)

The problem occurs when 'update.formula' calls 'terms.formula(..., simplify=TRUE)' which defines and calls a function 'fixFormulaObject'. The first line of 'fixFormulaObject' attempts to extract the contents of the RHS of the formula via 

tmp <- attr(terms(object), "term.labels")

but this omits any offsets. Replacing that line with the following, which I think pulls in everything except the response, *seems* to fix the problem without disrupting the guts of 'terms' itself:

tmp <- dimnames( attr(terms(object), "factors"))[[1]][ -attr( terms, 'response')]

The suggested line might be simpler than checking the 'offset' component of 'terms(object)', which won't always exist.

Footnote: strange things happen when there is more than one offset (OK, there probably shouldn't be, but I thought I'd experiment):

test> fit2 <- glm( y ~ offset( x) + offset( log( x)) + z, data=df)
test> fit2$call
glm(formula = y ~ offset(x) + offset(log(x)) + z, data = df)

test> fit2u <- update( fit2, ~.)
test> fit2u$call
glm(formula = y ~ offset(log(x)) + z, data = df)

Curiously, the 'term.labels' attribute of 'terms(object)' now includes the second offset, but  not the first.


Mark Bravington
PO Box 1538
Castray Esplanade
TAS 7001

phone (61) 3 6232 5118
fax (61) 3 6232 5012
Mark.Bravington at csiro.au 

--please do not edit the information below--

 platform = i386-pc-mingw32
 arch = i386
 os = mingw32
 system = i386, mingw32
 status = 
 major = 1
 minor = 8.1
 year = 2003
 month = 11
 day = 21
 language = R

Windows 2000 Professional (build 2195) Service Pack 4.0

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