[Rd] invalid graphics state using dev.print (fwd)

Paul Roebuck roebuck at mdanderson.org
Mon Feb 20 20:46:42 CET 2006

On Mon, 20 Feb 2006, Prof Brian Ripley wrote:

> On Mon, 20 Feb 2006, Paul Murrell wrote:
> [...]
> >>    >> x11()
> >>    >> plot(rnorm(10))
> >>    >> dev.print(png)
> >>     Paul> Error in dev.copy(device = function (filename = "Rplot%03d.png", width =
> >>     Paul> 480,  :
> >>     Paul> invalid graphics state
> > I think the problem is that the width and height of the PNG device is
> > being taken (without regard for units) from the X11 device.  So
> > approximately 7 inches square screen window gets drawn into
> > approximately 7 *pixel* square PNG file and (understandably) R complains
> > that there is not enough room for the plot.
> Yes, that it how it is documented to work.

Might have snapped to this if the error message had said something
less vague.

> > Another workaround is something like ...
> >
> > dev.print(png, width=480, height=480)
> (Just one will do if you want to preserve the aspect ratio.)
> > ... and a fix requires making dev.print() smarter so that it figures out
> > that it needs to convert width/height from inches to pixels.
> I don't think there is a way to do that unambiguously (there is no
> standard way to do the conversion)

What is the recommended method of converting width/height
from inches to pixels (preserving aspect ratio), even if

> ..., and in any case dev.print() was passed
> a function, not the name of a function, and so does not in general know
> how it behaves (and your 'png' need not be R's png()).
> All we can do is to re-emphasize this on the help page, and add a warning
> if a known bitmap device is detected (possibly inaccurately) by name.

Perhaps an extra attribute could be added to each device
where attr("type") = c("bitmap", "vector")

> str(dev.cur())
 Named int 2
 - attr(*, "names")= chr "quartz"
 - attr(*, "type")= chr "vector"

> BTW, I think it was perverse to call dev.print() except to do printing.

I was making a hardcopy of my plot which IMO would seem
a legitimate usage. Don't understand your "perverse"
comment here. Alternative recommendation?

SIGSIG -- signature too long (core dumped)

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