[Rd] unwarranted warning from hist.default (PR#9356)

deepayan.sarkar at gmail.com deepayan.sarkar at gmail.com
Fri Nov 10 22:32:36 CET 2006

> x = rnorm(100)
> b = seq(min(x) - 1, max(x) + 1, length = 11)
> b
 [1] -3.4038769 -2.7451072 -2.0863375 -1.4275678 -0.7687980 -0.1100283
 [7]  0.5487414  1.2075111  1.8662808  2.5250506  3.1838203
> invisible(hist(x, breaks = b, include.lowest = TRUE, plot = FALSE))
Warning message:
argument 'include.lowest' is not made use of in: hist.default(x,
breaks = b, include.lowest = TRUE, plot = FALSE)

I don't think a warning is appropriate, since ?hist says:

include.lowest: logical; if 'TRUE', an 'x[i]' equal to the 'breaks'
          value will be included in the first (or last, for 'right =
          FALSE') bar.  This will be ignored (with a warning) unless
          'breaks' is a vector.

and in this case 'breaks' does qualify as a "vector" by my understanding.

Note that the warning goes away with 'plot=TRUE'. This suggests that
this might have something to do with this vaguely worded entry in the
NEWS for R 2.4.0:

   o   hist(*, plot = FALSE) now warns about unused arguments.

Neither the help page nor the NEWS file indicates what arguments are
considered 'unused' when 'plot = FALSE', but either possibility ---
(1) include.lowest is actually unused and (2) it is used and the
warning is wrong --- is a bug.

> sessionInfo()
R version 2.4.0 Patched (2006-11-03 r39777)


attached base packages:
[1] "methods"   "stats"     "graphics"  "grDevices" "utils"     "datasets"
[7] "base"


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