[Rd] substitute and expression

Deepayan Sarkar deepayan.sarkar at gmail.com
Mon Jul 16 23:46:31 CEST 2007


I'm trying to understand whether the use of substitute() is
appropriate/documented for plotmath annotation. The following two
calls give the same results:

> plot(1:10, main = expression(alpha == 1))
> do.call(plot, list(1:10, main = expression(alpha == 1)))

But not these two:

> plot(1:10, main = substitute(alpha == a, list(a = 2)))
> do.call(plot, list(1:10, main = substitute(alpha == a, list(a = 2))))
Error in as.graphicsAnnot(main) : object "alpha" not found

(as a consequence, xyplot(..., main = substitute(alpha)) doesn't
currently work.)

On the other hand, this works:

> foo <- function(x) plot(1, main = x)
> foo(substitute(alpha))

I'm not sure how to interpret ?plotmath; it says

     If the 'text' argument to one of the text-drawing functions
     ('text', 'mtext', 'axis', 'legend') in R is an expression, the
     argument is interpreted as a mathematical expression...

and uses substitute() in its examples, but

> is.expression(substitute(alpha == a, list(a = 1)))


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