[Rd] axis() ignores supplied value of argument mgp[3]?

Prof Brian Ripley ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Thu Aug 7 07:13:50 CEST 2008

Have you looked at the current documentation on the svn server?

On Wed, 6 Aug 2008, J. R. M. Hosking wrote:

> Prof Brian Ripley wrote:
>> On Sun, 3 Aug 2008, J. R. M. Hosking wrote:
>>> Prof Brian Ripley wrote:
>>>> What is true is that the line is set before the inline setting of mgp is 
>>>> processed: it all depends on what 'supplied' means, and you supplied two 
>>>> values.
>>>> This is changed in R-patched now.
>>> Thank you, that works.  Here is a perhaps related issue:
>>> R Help on 'axis' for argument 'line' says "The relative placing of
>>> tick marks and tick labels is unchanged".  But this appears not to be
>>> the case when graphics parameter mgp[3] is nonzero:
>>>  plot(1:4, yaxt="n")
>>>  par(mgp=c(3,2,1))
>>>  axis(2, 1:2)
>>>  axis(2, 3:4, line=1)
>>> which one (or, at least, I) would expect to place all the tick labels
>>> the same distance into the margin, does not in fact do so.
>> I don't think that is what it says. Setting 'line' or 'pos' temporarily 
>> sets mgp[3] to zero (which is what the help implies in parts you did not 
>> quote).
> I'm afraid I read the help closely several times and did not find that
> implication.
>> Otherwise 'line' would just duplicate mgp[3].
> Which is still useful functionality --- easier to supply a single value
> than to change one element of a 3-element vector.
>>> My interpretation is that axis() is taking mgp[2] rather than the
>>> correct mgp[2]-mgp[3] as the relative position of the tick mark with
>> Why is it correct when you have been told 'mgp[3]' was overridden?
> That was my best attempt to interpret the phrase "relative placing of
> ... tick labels", given that no graphics parameter is explicitly
> documented as having that meaning.
>> We could explicitly say it is treated as zero for ultimate clarity.
>>> respect to the axis line.
> To summarize (if I now understand things correctly): when the position
> of the axis line is determined by the value of mgp[3], then mgp[2] is
> the absolute position (number of lines into the margin) of the tick
> labels; but if the position of the axis line is determined by the 'line'
> or 'pos' arguments of axis(), then mgp[2] is the relative position of
> the tick labels (number of lines between the tick labels and the axis
> line).  If this is the intended behaviour, then certainly I think it
> would be helpful if it were explicitly documented.
> J. R. M. Hosking
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Brian D. Ripley,                  ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Professor of Applied Statistics,  http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
University of Oxford,             Tel:  +44 1865 272861 (self)
1 South Parks Road,                     +44 1865 272866 (PA)
Oxford OX1 3TG, UK                Fax:  +44 1865 272595

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