[Rd] GetRNGstate and PutRNGstate

Prof Brian Ripley ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Thu Jul 3 15:24:09 CEST 2008

On Thu, 3 Jul 2008, tyler wrote:

> Hi,
> I've got a simulation function, written in C and called from R, that
> uses the R random number functions. It's not a very complicated
> simulation - 280 lines total, with the main function (the one called
> with .C) repeatedly calling another function, with multiple calls to
> unif_rand() in both functions. At the beginning of the main function I
> call GetRNGstate(), and the last thing I do before returning to R is
> PutRNGstate().
> On rereading Chapter 5 of the R Extensions manual, I'm not sure I
> understand the GetRNGstate/PutRNGstate calls. Should I also include them
> in the helper function? Do I need to wrap every call to unif_rand with
> these calls, or is it ok that I've just used them at the beginning and
> end of the C code?

I find the manual very much clearer than your email:

   However, before these are used, the user must call


   and after all the required variates have been generated, call


So in so far as I understand your prose, you followed that advice by 
calling *one of* them 'at the beginning and end of the C code'.

> I'm getting different results from different simulations, so what I've
> done appears ok, but I'm not sure I would be able to detect if every
> call to the helper function was returning the same result.
> Thanks,
> Tyler
> --
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Brian D. Ripley,                  ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Professor of Applied Statistics,  http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
University of Oxford,             Tel:  +44 1865 272861 (self)
1 South Parks Road,                     +44 1865 272866 (PA)
Oxford OX1 3TG, UK                Fax:  +44 1865 272595

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