[Rd] Válasz: Re: tm and e1071 question

Jeszenszky Peter jeszenszky.peter at inf.unideb.hu
Mon Dec 7 22:12:43 CET 2009


Thank you for your reply. The suggested conversion trick with a slight
modification does the job.

I hope, the svm function of the e1071 package will support slam sparse
matrices directly. I think that this would be quite a reasonable feature.

Furthermore, there are developers who participate in the development of
both the slam and the e1071 packages.

Best regards,

Peter Jeszenszky

-----Ingo Feinerer <feinerer at logic.at> ezt írta: -----

Címzett: r-devel at r-project.org
Feladó: Ingo Feinerer <feinerer at logic.at>
Dátum: 2009/12/05 10:43de.
Másolat: Jeszenszky Peter <jeszenszky.peter at inf.unideb.hu>
Tárgy: Re: tm and e1071 question

On Fri, Dec 04, 2009 at 02:21:52PM +0100, Achim Zeileis wrote:
> I would like to use the svm function of the e1071 package for text
> classification tasks. Preprocessing can be carried out by using the
> excellent tm text mining package.


> TermDocumentMatrix and DocumentTermMatrix objects of the package tm
> are currently implemented based on the sparse matrix data structures
> provided by the slam package.
> Unfortunately, the svm function of the e1071 package accepts only sparse
> matrices of class Matrix provided by the Matrix package, or of class
> matrix.csr as provided by the package SparseM.
> In order to train an SVM with a DocumentTermMatrix object the latter
> must be converted to a matrix.csr sparse matrix structure. However, none
> of the publicly available packages of CRAN provides such a conversion
> function. It is quite straightforward to write the conversion function,
> but it would be much confortable to pass slam sparse matrix objects
> directly to the svm function.

You are right. If you have small matrices as(as.matrix(m), "Matrix")
will work. Then there exists some (non published experimental) code in
the slam package for conversion to Matrix format (located in

setAs("simple_triplet_matrix", "dgTMatrix",
      function(from) {
              i = as.integer(from$i - 1L),
              j = as.integer(from$j - 1L),
              x = from$v,
              Dim = c(from$nrow, from$ncol),
              Dimnames = from$dimnames)

setAs("simple_triplet_matrix", "dgCMatrix",
      function(from) {
          ind <- order(from$j, from$i)
              i = from$i[ind] - 1L,
              p = c(0L, cumsum(tabulate(from$j[ind], from$ncol))),
              x = from$v[ind],
              Dim = c(from$nrow, from$ncol),
              Dimnames = from$dimnames)

which allows then:

class(m) <- "simple_triplet_matrix"
as(m, "dgTMatrix")
as(m, "dgCMatrix")

> Do you plan to add slam sparse matrix support to the e1071 package?

I cannot answer this since I am neither directly involved in the e1071
nor in the slam package.

Best regards, Ingo Feinerer

Ingo Feinerer
Vienna University of Technology

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