[Rd] build 32-bit R on x86_64?

Vinh Nguyen vqnguyen at uci.edu
Wed Aug 10 17:37:08 CEST 2011

On Tue, Aug 9, 2011 at 6:24 PM, Simon Urbanek
<simon.urbanek at r-project.org> wrote:
> It actually works ;) I'm using it for testing on my RForge.net machine and yes, it's Debian - everything just works there :).
> But back to the original question. First a minor detail, don't set environment variables use configure variables instead. Second, don't build in the source directory, always create an object directory. Third, r_arch is simply a name you set for the architecture, it has no meaning other than that it's a label.
> So now to the real stuff. If you want 32-bit build, you'll need 32-bit runtime of everything important in your system and the multilib compilers. In Debian (and thus likely in Ubuntu too) that can be achieved by something like
> sudo apt-get install  ia32-libs-dev lib32readline6-dev lib32ncurses5-dev lib32icu-dev gcc-multilib gfortran-multilib
> Then you can build both 64-bit and 32-bit R, the difference will be in the all compiler flags -- for 64-bit you'll use -m64 (or nothing since it's the default) and for 32-bit you'll use -m32.
> So roughly something like
> tar fxz R-2.13.1.tar.gz
> mkdir obj-32
> cd obj-32
> ../R-2.13.1/configure r_arch=i386 CC='gcc -std=gnu99 -m32' CXX='g++ -m32' FC='gfortran -m32' F77='gfortran -m32'
> make -j24 && sudo make install rhome=/usr/local/R/2.13
> cd ..
> mkdir obj-64
> cd obj-64
> ../R-2.13.1/configure r_arch=amd64
> make -j24 && sudo make install rhome=/usr/local/R/2.13
> That will leave you with multi-arch R that you can run with
> R --arch=i386 # 32-bit
> R --arch=amd64 # 64-bit
> Packages will be also built as multi-libs. Good luck :)
> [BTW the rhome=... setting is entirely optional, I just like to keep my R versions organized…]
> Cheers,
> Simon

Thanks Simon!  Confirm that these instructions work.  ia32-libs-dev
was not available for Ubuntu Natty, so I installed ia32-libs instead,
and the compilation works!

-- Vinh

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