# [Rd] Catching errors from solve() with near-singular matrices

David Sterratt david.c.sterratt at ed.ac.uk
Tue Dec 11 16:13:35 CET 2012

```Dear all,

The background is that I'm trying to fix this bug in the geometry
package:
https://r-forge.r-project.org/tracker/index.php?func=detail&aid=1993&group_id=1149&atid=4552

Boiled down, the problem is that there exists at least one matrix X for
which det(X) != 0 and for which solve(X) fails giving the error "system
is computationally singular: reciprocal condition number = ..." (see
appended code & attached file). I don't want my function that calls
solve(X) to return an error.

I can think of two strategies for dealing with this problem:

Strategy 1: Some code like this:
if (det(X) < epsilon) {
warning("Near singular matrix")
return(NULL)
}
return(solve(X))

The problem is then to find what epsilon should be.

Strategy 2: Catch the error thrown by solve(X) like this:

f <- function(X) {
invX <- tryCatch(solve(X), error=function(e) {
warning(e)
error.flag <<- TRUE})
if (error.flag) return(NULL)
return(invX)
}

This works OK if called without a surrounding try()

ret  <- f(matrix(0, 2, 2))      ## Gives warning

However, if I encase the call to f() in a try statement, I get an error:

ret1 <- try(f(matrix(0, 2, 2))) ## Gives error "Lapack routine dgesv: system is exactly singular"

This is undesirable.

Advice on how to solve the problem with either strategy would be much
appreciated - as indeed would be a completely different solution.

All the best,

David.

* * *

Code to throw an error in solve():

> X = as.matrix(read.csv("X.csv"))
> det(X)
[1] 2.32721e-21
> solve(X)
Error in solve.default(X) :
system is computationally singular: reciprocal condition number = 1.79977e-16

--
David C Sterratt, Research Fellow http://homepages.inf.ed.ac.uk/sterratt
Institute for Adaptive and Neural Computation     tel: +44 131 651 1739
School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh    fax: +44 131 650 6899
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```

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