# [Rd] Fastest non-overlapping binning mean function out there?

Martin Morgan mtmorgan at fhcrc.org
Wed Oct 3 15:47:11 CEST 2012

```On 10/02/2012 05:19 PM, Henrik Bengtsson wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I'm looking for a super-duper fast mean/sum binning implementation
> available in R, and before implementing z = binnedMeans(x y) in native
> code myself, does any one know of an existing function/package for
> this?  I'm sure it already exists.  So, given data (x,y) and B bins
> bx[1] < bx[2] < ... < bx[B] < bx[B+1], I'd like to calculate the
> binned means (or sums) 'z' such that z[1] = mean(x[bx[1] <= x & x <
> bx[2]]), z[2] = mean(x[bx[2] <= x & x < bx[3]]), .... z[B].  Let's
> assume there are no missing values and 'x' and 'bx' is already
> ordered.  The length of 'x' is in the order of 10,000-millions.  The
> number of elements in each bin vary.

since x and bx are ordered (sorting x would be expensive), the C code seems
pretty straight-forward and memory-efficient -- create a result vector as long
as bx, then iterate through x accumulating n and it's sum until x[i] >= bx[i].
(I think R's implementation of mean() actually pays more attention to numerical
error, but with this much data...)

library(inline)
binmean <- cfunction(signature(x="numeric", bx="numeric"),
"   int nx = Rf_length(x), nb = Rf_length(bx), i, j, n;
SEXP ans = PROTECT(NEW_NUMERIC(nb));
double sum, *xp = REAL(x), *bxp = REAL(bx), *ansp = REAL(ans);
sum = j = n = 0;
for (i = 0; i < nx; ++i) {
while (xp[i] >= bxp[j]) {
ansp[j++] = n > 0 ? sum / n : 0;
sum = n = 0;
}
n += 1;
sum += xp[i];
}
ansp[j] = n > 0 ? sum / n : 0;
UNPROTECT(1);
return ans;
")

with a test case

nx <- 4e7
nb <- 1e3
x <- sort(runif(nx))
bx <- do.call(seq, c(as.list(range(x)), length.out=nb))

> bx1 <- c(bx[-1], bx[nb] + 1)
> system.time(res <- binmean(x, bx1))
user  system elapsed
0.052   0.000   0.050

Martin

>
> Thanks,
>
> Henrik
>
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> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-devel
>

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```