[Rd] Problem with Rboolean in c++ code

Jan van der Laan rhelp at eoos.dds.nl
Fri May 24 16:55:18 CEST 2013

Thanks. That does the trick. Although I now have to rewrite some other  
stuff, but I have just started so better now than later.

To be honest, a first and even a second read of the r-extensions  
manual did not really make it clear, to me at least, that Rdefines.h  
is preferred above Rinternals.h. Now that I reread it again, I can see  
a slight preference for Rdefines.h, but you really have to read closely.

Thanks again.


Prof Brian Ripley <ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk> schreef:

> On 24/05/2013 07:53, Jan van der Laan wrote:
>> I am trying to use R_RegisterCFinalizerEx to ensure some c++ object is
>> properly deleted after use. However, I run into some problems when
>> trying to pass in the third argument which is an Rboolean.  The line
>> 'R_RegisterCFinalizerEx(p, finalizer, TRUE);' generates the following
>> error when trying to compile using R CMD SHLIB:
>> g++ -I/usr/share/R/include -DNDEBUG      -fpic  -O2 -pipe -g  -c
>> rboolean.cpp -o rboolean.o
>> rboolean.cpp: In function ?SEXPREC* create(SEXP)?:
>> rboolean.cpp:21:46: error: invalid conversion from ?int? to ?Rboolean?
>> [-fpermissive]
>> In file included from /usr/share/R/include/Rdefines.h:29:0,
>>                  from rboolean.cpp:4:
>> /usr/share/R/include/Rinternals.h:764:6: error:   initializing argument
>> 3 of ?void R_RegisterCFinalizerEx(SEXP, R_CFinalizer_t, Rboolean)?
>> [-fpermissive]
>> make: *** [rboolean.o] Error 1
>> I have managed to reduce the problem to the example below:
>> ===== foo.cpp =====
>> #include <R.h>
>> #include <Rdefines.h>
>> void foo() {
>>   Rboolean b = TRUE;
>> }
>> ==================
>> With the extension .cpp this generates the error above, with the
>> extension .c (don't put both in the same directory; at least not with
>> the same name) it compiles without errors or warnings.
>> When looking at the headers (R_ext/Boolean.h and Rdefines.h) it seems
>> that TRUE and FALSE are also defined as constants which seems to
>> conflict with the enum values of Rboolean.
>> For now I use the compiler flag -fpermissive (as suggested by g++), but
>> I suppose this is not acceptable when submitting to CRAN. Am I doing
>> something wrong? Is there a workaround/solution?
> Don't use Rdefines.h: use Rinternals.h.
> Rdefines.h was for compatibility with S code from the 1990s: it is  
> not kept up to date.
>> Thanks.
>> Jan
> -- 
> Brian D. Ripley,                  ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
> Professor of Applied Statistics,  http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
> University of Oxford,             Tel:  +44 1865 272861 (self)
> 1 South Parks Road,                     +44 1865 272866 (PA)
> Oxford OX1 3TG, UK                Fax:  +44 1865 272595

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