[Rd] Compiling R-3.1.0 on debian with libpng/libjpeg

Prof Brian Ripley ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Thu Jun 26 13:10:30 CEST 2014

On 26/06/2014 07:46, Preussner, Jens wrote:
> Dear r-developers,
> I currently face an issue while compiling R from source on a debian wheezy. When running the configure script (particularly with --enable-R-shlib --prefix=/packages/R/3.1.0/) I get a Makefile and the output
> ...
>    Interfaces supported:      X11
>    External libraries:        readline
>    Additional capabilities:   PNG, JPEG, NLS
>    Options enabled:           shared R library, shared BLAS, R profiling
> ...
> After compiling and checking the capabilities, R tells me the following:
>> capabilities()
>      jpeg      png     tiff    tcltk      X11     aqua http/ftp  sockets
>    libxml     fifo   cledit    iconv      NLS  profmem    cairo
>      TRUE     TRUE     TRUE     TRUE     TRUE    FALSE    FALSE
> I already have R on another machine with jpeg/png capabilities, also compiled on my own. I crosschecked the versions of the libpng-* and libjpeg-* packages installed there and could not find any difference. Also returning to R-3.0.2 doesn't work.
> A last thing: The same question came up back in 2009, but there was no answer on the list.. https://stat.ethz.ch/pipermail/r-help/2009-December/222967.html
> Any suggestions how to get more information on what is going on here?

As you do not have capabilities for cairo nor X11, read ?png, e.g.

     type: character string, one of ‘"Xlib"’ or ‘"quartz"’ (some OS X
           builds) or ‘"cairo"’.  The latter will only be available if
           the system was compiled with support for cairo - otherwise
           ‘"Xlib"’ will be used.  The default is set by
           ‘getOption("bitmapType")’ - the ‘out of the box’ default is
           ‘"quartz"’ or ‘"cairo"’ where available, otherwise ‘"Xlib"’.

      R can be compiled without support for some or all of the types for
      each of these devices: this will be reported if you attempt to use
      them on a system where they are not supported.  For ‘type =
      "Xlib"’ they may not be usable unless the X11 display is available
      to the owner of the R process.

So, the only type available to you appears to be "Xlib", and that 
process does not have access to an X server.

The strongly recommended solution is to get cairographics working: see

> Many thanks and best regards,
> Jens
> 	[[alternative HTML version deleted]]
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Brian D. Ripley,                  ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
Professor of Applied Statistics,  http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
University of Oxford,             Tel:  +44 1865 272861 (self)
1 South Parks Road,                     +44 1865 272866 (PA)
Oxford OX1 3TG, UK                Fax:  +44 1865 272595

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