[Rd] formatting issue with gcc 9.3.0 on Ubuntu on WSL2
w||||@mwdun|@p @end|ng |rom gm@||@com
Wed Nov 18 17:51:50 CET 2020
Thanks all.! I was running WSL 1 instead of 2 because I ignored the error
message from 'wsl --set-default-version 2'. The BIOS was set up correctly
but the Hypervisor wasn't enabled - enabling all the Hypervisor features in
Control Panel and then doing ' wsl --set-version Ubuntu 2' in
Poweshell fixed the problem.
This also fixed one of my test C programs: '1.0L + 1e-60L > 1.0L' was true
if I compiled with gcc -O but false with no optimization.
On Wed, Nov 18, 2020 at 3:56 AM Iñaki Ucar <iucar using fedoraproject.org> wrote:
> On Wed, 18 Nov 2020 at 10:26, Tomas Kalibera <tomas.kalibera using gmail.com>
> > On 11/17/20 9:34 PM, Bill Dunlap wrote:
> > > I just got a new Windows laptop (i7, 10th generation CPU), installed
> > > 'Windows Subsystem for Linux 2' and then installed Ubuntu 20.04 and
> > > used 'apt-get install' to install packages that the R build seems
> > > to require. In particular, I am using gcc version 9.3.0. The
> > > build went without a hitch but the tests showed that deparse(1e-16)
> > > produced "1.00000000000000e-16" instead of the expected "1e-16".
> > >
> > > It looks like the problem is in src/main/format.c:scientific(). The
> > > lowest two+ bytes in the fractional part of the long double (80-bit)
> > > return value of powl(10.0L, -30L), seem to be corrupted. I made a
> > > standalong program to test powl and saw no problem - it gives the
> > > same results for the fractional part as bc does.
> > >
> > > bc: A2425FF7 5E14FC31 A125...
> > > standalone: 22425FF7 5E14FC32
> > > R: 22425FF7 5E151800
> > >
> > > There are lots of other small numbers with the same problem:
> > >
> > >
> > > > grep(value=TRUE, "0e",
> > > vapply((1+(0:10000)/1000)*1e-15, deparse, ""))
> > >  "8.56000000000000e-15" "8.71700000000000e-15"
> > >  "8.93500000000000e-15" "9.50800000000000e-15"
> > >  "9.89900000000000e-15" "9.93400000000000e-15"
> > >> str(grep(value=TRUE, "0e", vapply((1+(0:10000)/1000)*1e-14, deparse,
> > > chr [1:295] "8.00200000000000e-14" "8.00500000000000e-14" ...
> > >
> > > Has anyone else seen this? I am wondering if this is an oddity in WSL2
> > >
> > > or Ubuntu's gcc-9.3.0.
> I cannot reproduce this issue (version 20H2, build 19042.630; Ubuntu
> 20.04 installed from the store). Are you sure you are running on WSL2?
> (You can check this with `wsl --list --verbose`).
> > Almost surely it is Windows/WSL related, I'm not seeing this on Ubuntu
> > 20.04.
> > One thing to check might be the FPU control word. In a Windows build, R
> > will set as it is on Unix, to use all 80 bits when values stay in FPU
> > registers, which is not the Windows default. This should not matter with
> > SSE anymore, but maybe something is still using the FPU. This is just
> > using inline assembly, so one could enable it as experiment. In
> > principle, this could be also due to some other things specific to
> > Windows that R works around in Windows builds, but doesn't in Linux
> > builds assuming they will not run on Windows.
> It does run on Linux. WSL2 runs a modified version of the Linux kernel
> on top of Hyper-V. Unless Bill is running WSL1, which runs on top of
> the Windows kernel with a syscall translation layer.
> > Other issues I had with WSL in the past (trying to build R and run
> > checks) included time-zones and surprising encodings, but I didn't check
> > recently. I would not use R on WSL unless my goal was to diagnose these
> > issues and see if they could be overcome on the R side.
> > Best
> > Tomas
> Iñaki Úcar
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