# [Rd] Bug found in cut.Date, solution found

Christopher Carbone one@kych@| @end|ng |rom gm@||@com
Fri Feb 5 22:01:17 CET 2021

```Greetings,

I found a bug in the cut.Date function of base R. My session info is
at the bottom.

The bug is in the "months" section of the code. Consider the following:

# Create vector with 365 days of year and cut into 12 months
dates <- seq(as.Date("2021-1-1"),as.Date("2021-12-31"),by="day")
months <- cut(dates,"months",labels=1:12)
table(months)
# months
# 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12
# 31 28 31 30 31 30 31 31 30 31 30 31
# cut.Date works perfectly

# Extend dates vector by adding following January and cut into 13 months
dates <- seq(as.Date("2021-1-1"),as.Date("2022-1-31"),by="day")
months <- cut(dates,"months",labels=1:13)
# Error in cut.default(unclass(x), unclass(breaks), labels = labels,
right = right,  :
#                        lengths of 'breaks' and 'labels' differ
months <- cut(dates,"months",labels=1:14)
table(months)
# months
# 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14
# 31 28 31 30 31 30 31 31 30 31 30 31 31  0
# Bug: cut.Date adds a superfluous bin
# This is because February has less than 31 days
# Thus, the code adjusts the end into March instead of February

Inspecting the source code, I see the problem resides in lines 31
through 41, the section dealing with breaks="months":

if (valid == 3L) {
start\$mday <- 1L
start\$isdst <- -1L
end <- as.POSIXlt(max(x, na.rm = TRUE))
step <- if (length(by2) == 2L)
as.integer(by2[1L])
else 1L
38  end <- as.POSIXlt(end + (31 * step * 86400))
end\$mday <- 1L
end\$isdst <- -1L
breaks <- as.Date(seq(start, end, breaks))

When the end is adjusted in line 38, there are instances where an
unnecessary extra bin is created.
This is accounted for in the breaks="quarters" case by testing at the
end and removing the final break if necessary.
The same method employed here fixes the bug:

if (valid == 3L) {
start\$mday <- 1L
start\$isdst <- -1L
maxx <- max(x, na.rm = TRUE)   # Added line
end <- as.POSIXlt(maxx)             # Modified line
step <- if (length(by2) == 2L)
as.integer(by2[1L])
else 1L
end <- as.POSIXlt(end + (31 * step * 86400))
end\$mday <- 1L
end\$isdst <- -1L
breaks <- as.Date(seq(start, end, breaks))
lb <- length(breaks)                   # Added line
if (maxx < breaks[lb - 1])           # Added line
breaks <- breaks[-lb]               # Added line

I modified cut.Date with the above code changes and stored it in a
function called cut_Date():

dates <- seq(as.Date("2021-1-1"),as.Date("2022-1-31"),by="day")
months <- cut_Date(dates,"months",labels=1:13)
table(months)
# months
# 1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13
# 31 28 31 30 31 30 31 31 30 31 30 31 31

Thanks for your time and consideration!

> sessionInfo()
R version 4.0.3 (2020-10-10)
Platform: x86_64-w64-mingw32/x64 (64-bit)
Running under: Windows 10 x64 (build 19041)

Matrix products: default

locale:
[1] LC_COLLATE=English_United States.1252  LC_CTYPE=English_United States.1252
[3] LC_MONETARY=English_United States.1252 LC_NUMERIC=C
[5] LC_TIME=English_United States.1252

attached base packages:
[1] stats     graphics  grDevices utils     datasets  methods   base

loaded via a namespace (and not attached):
[1] compiler_4.0.3 tools_4.0.3    tinytex_0.28   xfun_0.19

Many Blessings,
Christopher Carbone

"Follow your bliss and doors will open where you didn't know they were
going to be..."
-Joseph Campbell

```