[R] Installing R on RedHat7.0
thomas at biostat.washington.edu
Sat Nov 4 00:03:57 CET 2000
On Fri, 3 Nov 2000, Prof Brian D Ripley wrote:
> On Fri, 3 Nov 2000, Tom Wainwright wrote:
> > Thanks! Building from source worked, and the demos all run. Several
> > others report that R runs smoothly on RedHat7.
> > However, not all the tests in $R_HOME/tests succeed. When I do "make
> > test-Examples" in that directory, it fails executing "base-Ex.R" in the
> > "eigen" section, with the error:
> > Error: abs(sm %*% V - V %*% diag(lam)) < 60 * Meps is not TRUE
> > This appears to be a numerical precision problem. Checking, Meps (i.e.
> > .Machine.double.eps) is 1.084202e-19. Is this a reasonable value for a
> > Pentium III?
> No. .Machine$double.eps should be about 2e-16. An i686 does not have
> 19 digits of precision. Here's what gcc-2.95.2 gives on a PIII under
> The likely story is that that beta compiler is even farther from
> IEEE-compliant than is usual for gcc on Linux. Some of us are
> too nervous about it to even try an installation.
As the value is 2^-63 it may be that the machine precision calculation is
being done entirely internally to the chip, using the 80-bit extended
double format, which has this level of precision.
This is certainly wrong and new; I don't know enough about the machine
precision calculations to know if it is really a compiler bug or whether
it is something the compiler was previously allowed to do but didn't.
Assistant Professor, Biostatistics
University of Washington, Seattle
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