# [R] indexing a vector

Thomas Lumley tlumley at u.washington.edu
Tue May 8 17:55:07 CEST 2001

```On Mon, 7 May 2001, Jeff Miller wrote:

> ----- Original Message -----
> From: Thomas Lumley <tlumley at u.washington.edu>
> Sent: Monday, May 07, 2001 1:38 PM
>
> > On Mon, 7 May 2001, David White wrote:
> >
> > >
> > > Dear R-List,
> > >
> > > How can one look up the row/column number for a given value in a matrix
> or
> > > data.frame?  For example in a matrix that contains only unique values
> for
> > > in [,1] how can I find value x in [,1] and report its row number?
> > >
> >
> > match(x,matrix[,1])
> >
> > -thomas
>
>     As a follow up to this question,  what's the easiest way to
>     find the column and row indicies for a specified value in a matrix,
>     when you don't know which column it's in (as assumed above)?
>
>     So if   mymatrix <- matrix(c(3, 2, 4, 1), nrow = 2),  what's the easiet
> way
>     to see that the value 4 is in position (1, 2) ?
>

Well, a matrix is just a vector with dimensions, so you can do
pos<-match(4,mymatrix)
to find that 4 is in position 3 in the vector, and then the row number is
((pos - 1) %/% NROW(mymatrix)) +1
and the column number is
((pos-1) %% NROW(mymatrix))+1

since the numbers are stored one column at a time.  If you have to do a
lot of these on the same matrix the functions row() and col() may help:
row(mymatrix)[match(4,mymatrix)]
and
col(mymatrix)[match(4,mymatrix)]

-thomas

Thomas Lumley			Asst. Professor, Biostatistics
tlumley at u.washington.edu	University of Washington, Seattle

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```