[R] functions of dataframes
Denham Robert
Robert.Denham at nrm.qld.gov.au
Mon Jul 1 06:09:16 CEST 2002
I think what you want is to apply scramble to each column. You can do
this with apply:
apply(dataset,2,scramble)
which gives me:
p14 p88 p82 p90 p98
[1,] 36 40 43 11 17
[2,] 16 21 2 11 1
[3,] 16 40 4 50 19
Robert
-----Original Message-----
From: Robin Hankin [mailto:r.hankin at auckland.ac.nz]
Sent: Monday, 1 July 2002 12:16 PM
To: r-help at stat.math.ethz.ch
Subject: [R] functions of dataframes
Hello experts
I have a thing which I can't vectorize. Can any gurus out there help?
This is my truncated dataset; it is a dataframe of five possums and
which tree they slept in on three days.
R> dataset
p14 p88 p82 p90 p98
1 6 7 5 1 3
2 8 9 10 1 11
3 8 7 12 13 14
I can manipulate it with simple functions fine:
R> f
function(n){n+1000}
R> f(dataset)
p14 p88 p82 p90 p98
1 1006 1007 1005 1001 1003
2 1008 1009 1010 1001 1011
3 1008 1007 1012 1013 1014
Great. But I want to permute the trees as part of a Monte Carlo
simulation:
R> scramble
function(n){sample(50)[n]}
Hence
R> scramble(c(1,2,2,2,2,2,3))
[1] 31 26 26 26 26 26 4
preserves the fact that this (imaginary) possum slept in the same tree
most of the time.
PROBLEM: scramble() doesn't work on the dataframe:
R> scramble(dataset)
Error in scramble(dataset) : invalid subscript type
I can convert it to a matrix but then I lose the structure:
R> scramble(as.matrix(dataset))
[1] 44 24 24 8 23 8 29 10 19 16 16 7 11 15 30
How do I get answers like f(dataset) for scramble(dataset)?
R> dput(dataset)
structure(list(p14 = c(6, 8, 8), p88 = c(7, 9, 7), p82 = c(5,
10, 12), p90 = c(1, 1, 13), p98 = c(3, 11, 14)), .Names = c("p14",
"p88", "p82", "p90", "p98"), row.names = c("1", "2", "3"), class =
"data.frame")
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