# [R] Why does this work?

apjaworski@mmm.com apjaworski at mmm.com
Mon May 20 21:18:39 CEST 2002

```I waxs just checking examples in lattice levelplot and I ran into this
strange (?) behavior I do not understand.

Here is the example:

x <- seq(pi/4, 5*pi, length = 100)
y <- seq(pi/4, 5*pi, length = 100)
r <- sqrt(outer(x^2, y^2, "+"))
grid <- expand.grid(x=x, y=y)

At this point grid is a 10000*2 data frame and r is a 100*100 matrix.  Now
comes a surprising part.

grid\$z <- cos(r^2) * exp(-r/(pi^3))

This does not generate any error.  But typing

grid

produces

Error in data.frame(x = c(" 0.7853982", " 0.9361311", " 1.0868641", "
1.2375971",  :
arguments imply differing number of rows: 10000, 100

Moreover

dim(grid)
[1] 10000     3

but

grid[1:5, ]

produces an output with 102 columns named x, y, z.1, ..., z.100

and

grid[101, ]

produces "subscript out of bound" error.

Finally

levelplot(z~x*y, grid, cuts = 50, xlab="", ylab="", main="Weird
Function", colorkey = FALSE)

generates a proper contour plot.  Could somebody explain to me why this

Andy

PS.  This happens using precompiled R-1.5.0 (recently patched version
posted by Prof. Ripley) on a Win2000 machine.

__________________________________
Andy Jaworski
Engineering Systems Technology Center
3M Center, 518-1-01
St. Paul, MN 55144-1000
-----
E-mail: apjaworski at mmm.com
Tel:  (651) 733-6092
Fax:  (651) 736-3122

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```