# [R] expressions as axis labels

Ole Christensen o.christensen at lancaster.ac.uk
Sat May 25 11:52:26 CEST 2002

```Hi Patrick

You can make you code work by putting a [NULL] at appropriate places.

axis(1,at=seq(1.8,34.25,2.95), lab=expression(F[NULL]^{-''},
Cl[NULL]^{-''}, NO^{-''}, NO^{-''}, PO^{3-''}, SO^{2-''},
Na[NULL]^{+''}, NH^{+''}, K[NULL]^{+''}, Mg[NULL]^{2+''},
Ca[NULL]^{2+''}, H[NULL]^{+''}),cex.axis=1.0)

I do not understand what causes the behaviour you have observed, and if
this is intended
(probably someone more clever than me can explain this).

Ole

Patrick Buetzberger wrote:
>
> Dear colleagues,
>
> I often use chemical formulas to label my x-axis, e.g. in barplots. I
> used to do this like the following example and it worked just fine:
>
> a <- seq(2,24,2)
> b <- seq(3,36,3)
> c <- rbind(a,b)
>
> barplot(c, width=c(0.9, 1.1),space=c(0.2, 0.75), col=c("indianred4",
> "yellow2"), beside = TRUE,
> xlab="Ions", yaxt="n", xaxt="n", ylab = expression(paste("weighted mean
> concentration [",mu*eq*l^-1,"]")),
> ylim = c(0,40))
>
> axis(2,las=2,
> pos=0.4,at=c(0,10,20,30,40),lab=c(0,10,20,30,40),cex.axis=1.0)
>
> axis(1,at=seq(1.8,34.25,2.95), lab=expression(F^{-''}, Cl^{-''},
> NO^{-''},
> NO^{-''}, PO^{3-''}, SO^{2-''}, Na^{+''}, NH^{+''}, K^{+''},
> Mg^{2+''}, Ca^{2+''}, H^{+''}),cex.axis=1.0)
>
> The important point is the x-axis here: before we installed the new R
> 1.5 on our workstations, the chemical formulas were properly aligned and
> looked well. Ever since, if I use the exact same procedure, I get the
> graphic but the chemical formulas are not aligned horizontally properly
> anymore: e.g. Mg^{2+''} or NO^{-''} are a bit higher than F^{-''} or
> H^{+''} (it seems to depend on whether there is a subscript or a letter
> with a part below the main line like a 'g').
> I didin't find any hint on the r-project homepage. I don't know if we
> forgot some feature when newly installing R or if something changed in
> version 1.5.
>
> Thanks very much for any hints!
>
> Patrick

--
Ole F. Christensen
Department of Mathematics and Statistics
Fylde College, Lancaster University
Lancaster, LA1 4YF, England
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```