[R] Standard error of a sum
Jim Brennan
jfbrennan at rogers.com
Fri Jul 23 01:35:31 CEST 2004
Was just looking at this data and tried this:
> event.var<--tapply(d.1$chem,factor(d.1$event),var)
> event.var
1 2 3
-9.022233 -35.385033 -11.884433
Any idea why the variances are coming out negative.
> var(d.1$chem[1:3])
[1] 9.022233
right number ....
Anyway here is the answer I got if we assume independant means-- and I don't
see why not to with the info given.
> sqrt(sum(s.err_event^2))
[1] 4.331732
(sum(event.var/3*-1)^.5)
[1] 4.331732
----- Original Message -----
From: "Kenneth Cabrera" <krcabrer at epm.net.co>
To: <jahernan at umn.edu>; <r-help at stat.math.ethz.ch>
Sent: Thursday, July 22, 2004 7:27 PM
Subject: Re: [R] Standard error of a sum
> If you supose that each mean is independent then
>
> s.err_total_chem <- sqrt(sum(s.err_event^2))
>
> If not you must estimate de var-covariance matrix to find this s.err.
> This estimation will be difficult given the scarce data available.
>
> Hope it will helps.
>
> Kenneth
>
> Jose A. Hernandez wrote:
>
> > Folks,
> >
> > This is so simple is driving me crazy. It's not really an R question
> > is more an Statistics question.
> >
> > I applied a chemical in 3 different events during a growing season. I
> > took 3 samples in each event to estimate mean applied chemical.
> >
> > Thus, I can easily estimate means and st.err by event. I can then
> > estimate the total chemical applied for the whole season by adding the
> > 3 means for each event. How can I estimate the standard error of this
> > total applied chemical.
> >
> > Thanks in advance,
> >
> > Jose
> >
> >
> > event <- c(1,1,1,2,2,2,3,3,3)
> > chem <- c(131.75,125.92,130.09,42.67,48.26,54.56,85.05,91.17,90.86)
> > d.1 <- data.frame(event,chem)
> > attach(d.1)
> > s.err <- function(x) sd(x)/(sqrt(length(x)))
> >
> > print(mean_event <- tapply(d.1$chem,factor(data.1$event),mean))
> > print(s.err_event <- tapply(d.1$chem,factor(data.1$event),s.err))
> >
> > print(total_chem <- sum(mean_event))
> > s.err_total_chem <-
> >
> >
> >
>
> --
> Kenneth Roy Cabrera Torres
> Celular +57 (315) 504 9339
>
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