[R] How to use the function "plot" as Matlab?
Greg Snow
greg.snow at ihc.com
Wed Jul 13 19:12:21 CEST 2005
>>> Ted Harding <Ted.Harding at nessie.mcc.ac.uk> 07/13/05 02:12AM >>>
[snip]
>> I'm not sufficiently acquainted with the internals of "plot"
>> and friends to anticipate the answer to this question; but,
>> anyway, the question is:
>>
>> Is it feasible to include, as a parameter to "plot", "lines"
>> and "points",
>>
>> rescale=FALSE
>>
>> where this default value would maintain the existing behaviour
>> of these functions, while setting
>>
>> rescale=TRUE
>>
>> would allow each succeeding plot, adding graphs using "points"
>> or "lines", to be rescaled (as in Matlab/Octave) so as to
>> include the entirety of each successive graph?
I tried editing the range in the result from "recordPlot" and it
crashed
R on my system, so it probably is not trivial to rescale an existing
plot
on the standard devices. Part of the issue is what information is
saved
when the plot is made and what is recomputed each time. Apparently
octave/matlab and R do this quite differently.
Others have suggested using matplot. you can also manually save all
the relevent information yourself to redo the plots.
The other option is to use a different graphics device that supports
rescaling. One option is "rgl" using the rgl package and the
rgl.lines function (it will auto rescale, but seems overkill for this
case).
Another option is to go a similar route to octave and to have gnuplot
do the actual plotting (and keep the info to rescale when needed).
Below are some functions I wrote for passing the data to gnuplot
(I am working on windows and downloaded the win32 version of
gnuplot from http://www.gnuplot.info). Some editing may be
neccessary for these to work on other systems. If there is interest
I may debug and expand these functions and include them in a
package.
To do the original example with these functions:
gp.open()
x <- seq(0,2,0.1)
gp.plot(x,sin(x), type='l')
gp.plot(x,1.5*cos(x), type='l', add=T)
gp.send('set yrange [-1.6:1.6]') # force my own range
gp.send()
gp.send('set yrange [*:*]') # return to autoscaling
gp.send()
gp.close()
The function definitions are:
gp.open <- function(where='c:/progra~1/GnuPlot/bin/pgnuplot.exe'){
.gp <<- pipe(where,'w')
.gp.tempfiles <<- character(0)
invisible(.gp)
}
gp.close <- function(pipe=.gp){
cat("quit\n",file=pipe)
close(pipe)
if(exists('.gp.tempfiles')){
unlink(.gp.tempfiles)
rm(.gp.tempfiles,pos=1)
}
rm(.gp,pos=1)
invisible()
}
gp.send <- function(cmd='replot',pipe=.gp){
cat(cmd, file=pipe)
cat("\n",file=pipe)
invisible()
}
gp.plot <- function(x,y,type='p',add=F, title=deparse(substitute(y)),
pipe=.gp){
tmp <- tempfile()
.gp.tempfiles <<- c(.gp.tempfiles, tmp)
write.table( cbind(x,y), tmp, row.names=FALSE, col.names=FALSE
)
w <- ifelse(type=='p', 'points', 'lines')
r <- ifelse(add, 'replot', 'plot')
cat( paste(r," '",tmp,"' with ",w," title
'",title,"'\n",sep=''),
file=pipe)
invisible()
}
Hope this helps,
Greg Snow, Ph.D.
Statistical Data Center, LDS Hospital
Intermountain Health Care
greg.snow at ihc.com
(801) 408-8111
More information about the R-help
mailing list