# [R] A vectorization question

Christos Hatzis christos at nuverabio.com
Tue Jan 9 22:39:47 CET 2007

```Thanks, Marc.
This is what I was trying to do but could not get it to work.

-Christos

-----Original Message-----
From: Marc Schwartz [mailto:marc_schwartz at comcast.net]
Sent: Tuesday, January 09, 2007 4:32 PM
To: christos at nuverabio.com
Cc: 'R-help'
Subject: Re: [R] A vectorization question

On Tue, 2007-01-09 at 16:10 -0500, Christos Hatzis wrote:
> Hi,
>
> A function calculates the absolute difference between the two largest
> values of each row of a matrix, as shown in the following example code:
>
> cx <- matrix(runif(15),5)
> cy <- t( apply(cx, 1, order, decreasing=TRUE) )
>
> cz <- rep(0, nrow(cx))
> for( i in 1:nrow(cx) ) cz[i] <- abs(diff(cx[i, cy[i,1:2]]))
>
> Anybody has any ideas on how the last loop can be vectorized?
>
> Thanks.

> mat <- matrix(sample(1:50, 12), ncol = 4)

> mat
[,1] [,2] [,3] [,4]
[1,]   39    1   22   11
[2,]   34   28   13   48
[3,]   25   40   38    3

> apply(mat, 1, function(x) abs(diff(sort(x, decreasing = TRUE)[1:2])))
 17 14  2

Or

> apply(mat, 1, function(x) diff(sort(x)[3:4]))
 17 14  2

HTH,

Marc Schwartz

```