# [R] How to optimize this loop ?

Martin Becker martin.becker at mx.uni-saarland.de
Thu Jan 18 15:16:21 CET 2007

```Petr Pikal schrieb:
> Hi
>
>
I do not agree. For some purposes, an efficient loop is faster. IMHO
this is one of these purposes.
I propose the following modification of the loop (to increase speed):

myfun1 <- function(series=c(3, 4, 10,14,8,3,4,6,9)) {
len<-length(series)
for (i in (len-1):1)
{
if (series[i]>series[len])
{ result <- i-1 ; break }
}
return(result)
}

The speed measurement, in comparison with the rle approach:

> system.time(for (i in 1:10000) erg<-my_fun(c(3, 4, 10,14,8,3,4,6,9)))
[1] 4.48 0.00 4.48   NA   NA

> system.time(for (i in 1:10000) erg<-myfun1(c(3, 4, 10,14,8,3,4,6,9)))
[1] 0.33 0.00 0.33   NA   NA

Regards, Martin
>
>> my_fun<-function(x) {
>>
> +
> + len<-length(x)
> + x1<-rle(x[len]>x[1:len-1])
> + last<-length(x1\$values)
> + ifelse(x1\$values[last],x1\$lengths[last],0)
> + }
>
>> my_fun(my_series)
>>
> [1] 0
>
>> my_series <- c(3, 4, 10,14,8,3,4,6,9)
>> my_fun(my_series)
>>
> [1] 4
>
>
> and vectorise, vectorise, vectorise.
>
> HTH
> Petr
>
>
>
>
> On 18 Jan 2007 at 14:11, Nicolas Prune wrote:
>
> Date sent:      	Thu, 18 Jan 2007 14:11:11 +0100
> From:           	Nicolas Prune <np at alambic.org>
> To:             	r-help at stat.math.ethz.ch
> Subject:        	[R] How to optimize this loop ?
>
>
>> Dear R Users,
>>
>> I request your help to optimize a loop.
>>
>> Given a series of observations, I want to know how many consecutive
>> past observations are below the last one.
>>
>> e.g :
>> my_series <- c(3, 4, 10,14,8,3,4,6,9)
>>
>> As the last number (9)  is higher than the four preceding numbers (6,
>> 4, 3, 8), this function should return 4.
>>
>> my_series <- c(3, 4, 10,14,8,3,4,11,9)
>> Here, it should return 0, as 9 is immediately preceeded by a higher
>> number.
>>
>> So far, I do this awful loop :
>>
>> result <- 0
>> for (i in 1:length(my_series-1))
>> {
>>  if (my_series[length(my_series)-i]>end(my_series)[1])
>> { result <- i-1 ; break }
>> }
>>
>> I thing there's a better way...
>>
>> my_series > my_series[end][1] returns :
>> TRUE TRUE FALSE FALSE TRUE TRUE TRUE TRUE FALSE
>> , which seems more appealing (once the last "FALSE" is removed), but
>> now, how to know the size of the last consecutive series of "TRUE" ?
>>
>> Can you see a better way ?
>>
>> Thanks.
>>
>> ______________________________________________
>> R-help at stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
>> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html and provide commented,
>> minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>>
>
> Petr Pikal
> petr.pikal at precheza.cz
>
> ______________________________________________
> R-help at stat.math.ethz.ch mailing list
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help