# [R] Fitting exponential curve to data points

Andrew Clegg andrew.clegg at gmail.com
Tue Jul 24 03:09:06 CEST 2007

```Hi folks,

I've looked through the list archives and online resources, but I
haven't really found an answer to this -- it's pretty basic, but I'm
(very much) not a statistician, and I just want to check that my
solution is statistically sound.

Basically, I have a data file containing two columns of data, call it data.tsv:

year	count
1999	3
2000	5
2001	9
2002	30
2003	62
2004	154
2005	245
2006	321

These look exponential to me, so what I want to do is plot these
points on a graph with linear axes, and add an exponential curve over
the top. I also want to give an R-squared for the fit.

The way I did it was like so:

# Read in the data, make a copy of it, and take logs
log.data = data
log.data\$count = log(log.data\$count)

# Fit a model to the logs of the data
model = lm(log.data\$count ~ year, data = log.data)

# Plot the original data points on a graph
plot(data)

# Draw in the exponents of the model's output
lines(data\$year, exp(fitted(model)))

Is this the right way to do it? log-ing the data and then exp-ing the
results seems like a bit of a long-winded way to achieve the desired
effect. Is the R-squared given by summary(model) a valid measurement
of the fit of the points to an exponential curve, and should I use

The R-squared I get from this method (0.98 multiple) seems a little
high going by the deviation of the last data point from the curve --
you'll see what I mean if you try it.

Thanks in advance for any help!

Yours gratefully,

Andrew.

```