[R] Is = now the same as <- in assigning values

Gabor Grothendieck ggrothendieck at gmail.com
Tue Dec 16 03:01:07 CET 2008

In most cases <- and = are the same yet its not always
true so its safest to use <- for assignment.

Check this out:


On Mon, Dec 15, 2008 at 4:26 PM, Petter Hedberg <ekologkonsult at gmail.com> wrote:
> I´m a PhD student at the University of Warsaw, and have started using R.
> In many books they specify to use <- instead of = when assigning
> values, and this is also mentioned in older posts on the R website.
> However, it seams to me that some update has occured, becuase I
> continously get the same result wether I use <- or =.
> I would be extremely helpful for any answer to this.
> = seams more intuitive, so I assumed that an update had been made due
> to popular demand and that was why I get the same output wether I use
> <- or =.
> Best regards,
> Petter Hedberg
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