[R] Agreggating data using external aggregation rules

ANGELO.LINARDI at bancaditalia.it ANGELO.LINARDI at bancaditalia.it
Fri Jun 6 12:12:36 CEST 2008

Dear R experts,

I am currently facing a tricky problem which I have read a lot about in
the various R mailing lists without finding exactly what I need.
I have a big data frame DF (about 2,000,000 rows) with 7 columns being
variables and 1 being a measure (using reshape package nomeclature).
There are no "duplicates" in it. 
Fot each of the variables I have some "rules" to apply, being COD_IN the
value of the variable in the DF, COD_OUT the one to be transformed to;
once obtained the "new codes" in the DF I have to aggregate the "new DF"
(for example summing the measure).
Usually the total transformation (merge+aggregate) really decreases the
number of  lines in the data frame, but sometimes it can grows depending
on the rule. Just to give an idea, the first "rule" in v1 maps 820
different values into 7 ones. 
Using SQL and a database this can be done in a very straightforward way
(for example on the variable v1):

Select COD_OUT, v2, v3, v4, v5, v6, v7, sum(measure)
>From DF, RULE_v1
Where v1=COD_IN
Group by v2, v3,v4, v5, v6, v7

So the first choice would be using a database; the second one would be
splitting the data frame and then joining the results.
Is there any other possibility to merge+aggregate caused by the merge ?

Thank you in advance

Angelo Linardi

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