# [R] Plotting three time series on the same graph

Romain Francois rfrancois at mango-solutions.com
Mon Jun 30 13:33:08 CEST 2008

```Hello Tolga,

Further hacking on par(mar) leads me to the code below. I hope it can

Cheers,

Romain

y <- 1:100 + runif( 100, min = -10, max = 10 )
x <- 1000 + 1:100 + runif( 100, min = -10, max = 10 )
z <- seq( 70000, 25000, length.out = 100) + runif( 100, min = -2000, max
= 2000)

.myLines <- function(x,y, col = "blue", lwd = 2, ...){
lines( x,y,col = "black", lwd=2 + lwd)
lines( x,y,col = col, lwd=lwd, ...)
}

transform <- function( data, n = 5, lim = range(data) ){
scaledData    <- ( data - lim[1] )  / ( lim[2] - lim[1] )
tickMarks     <- pretty( data, n = n )
tickPositions <- ( tickMarks - lim[1] )  / ( lim[2] - lim[1] )
list( scaledData = scaledData, tickMarks = tickMarks, tickPositions =
tickPositions )
}

par( mar = c(5,4,4,8)+.1 )
plot( 0, 0 , type = "n", las = 1, ylim = c(0,1), xlim = c(0,100), ann =
F, axes=F )

x.tr <- transform(x)
y.tr <- transform(y)
z.tr <- transform(z)

# first draw the lines
.myLines( 1:100, x.tr\$scaledData , col = "red" )
.myLines( 1:100, y.tr\$scaledData , col = "blue" )
.myLines( 1:100, z.tr\$scaledData , col = "green" )

axis(1)
box()

# then the axis
axis( 4, x.tr\$tickPositions, x.tr\$tickMarks, col = "red", col.axis = "red" )

par( mar = par("mar") - c(0,0,0,2.5) )
axis( 4, y.tr\$tickPositions, y.tr\$tickMarks, col = "blue", col.axis =
"blue" )

par( mar = par("mar") - c(0,0,0,2.5) )
axis( 4, z.tr\$tickPositions, z.tr\$tickMarks, col = "green", col.axis =
"green" )

tolga.i.uzuner at jpmorgan.com wrote:
>
> Thanks Romain for trying to help, but my issue is that I have three
> time series, not two, so at least two of them would have to go on the
> same side.
>
> There may be no solution to this problem in R but if there is, would
> appreciate hearing about it from someone ?
>
> Figure 1 in this link shows what I am trying to achieve:
>
> Thanks anyway,
> Tolga
>
>
>
> *Romain Francois <rfrancois at mango-solutions.com>*
>
> 30/06/2008 10:51
>
>
> To
> 	tolga.i.uzuner at jpmorgan.com
> cc
> 	Matt Aldridge <maldridge at mango-solutions.com>
> Subject
> 	Re: [R] Plotting three time series on the same graph
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
> Hello Tolga,
>
> I am not sure what you are looking for is achievable easily, however,
> you can have an axis on the left and another on the right. Look at the
> side argument of the axis function. Would the following code work for you:
>
> # generating some data
> y <- 1:100 + runif( 100, min = -10, max = 10 )
> x <- 1:100 + runif( 100, min = -10, max = 10 )
> z <- seq( 70000, 25000, length.out = 100) + runif( 100, min = -2000, max
> = 2000)
>
> # prettier version of lines
> .myLines <- function(x,y, col = "blue", lwd = 2, ...){
>  lines( x,y,col = "black", lwd=2 + lwd)
>  lines( x,y,col = col, lwd=lwd, ...)
> }
>
> # transform from the scale c(25000,70000) to (0,100)
> transform <- function( data ){
>  ( data - 25000 )  / ( 70000 - 25000 ) * 100
> }
>
> par( mar = c(5,4,4,4)+.1 )
> plot( 1:100, x , type = "n", las = 1 )
> axs <- pretty( c(25000, 70000), n = 5 )
> abline( h = transform(axs), col = "gray")
> .myLines( 1:100, x, col = "red" )
> .myLines( 1:100, y, col = "blue" )
> .myLines( 1:100, transform(z), col = "green" )
> axis( 4, transform(axs), axs, las = 1 )
>
> Best Regards,
>
> Romain Francois
>
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>
> tolga.i.uzuner at jpmorgan.com wrote:
> > Dear R Users,
> >
> > I would like to plot three time series on the same graph, two axis
> on the
> > left and one axis on the right.
> >
> > The time series that I am graphing on the left do not share a similar
> > scale: one has a range of 1:100 and the other a range of
> 25000:70000. How
> > can I display the tick marks for both on the left hand side without
> > superimposing them, i.e. one set of tick marks in black right up on the
> > edge of the plot and another set of tick marks in red placed further to
> > the left so that the tick marks and axis identifiers do not sit on
> top of
> > each other ?
> >
> > Many thanks in advance,
> > Tolga
> >
>
>
> [attachment "plot3timeseries.png" deleted by Tolga I Uzuner/JPMCHASE]
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