[R] Encoding() and strsplit()

Heinz Tuechler tuechler at gmx.at
Fri Nov 7 10:00:12 CET 2008

At 09:15 07.11.2008, Prof Brian Ripley wrote:
>See the 'R Internals' manual.

Thank you, now I understand a little more.
My real problem, however is a data frame produced 
by spss.get(). Is there a simple possibility to 
mark all characters in that data.frame (except 
ASCII characters), including levels of factors to latin1?

Heinz Tüchler

>ASCII characters are not marked as Latin-1 nor UTF-8.
>On Fri, 7 Nov 2008, Heinz Tuechler wrote:
>>Dear All,
>>Encoding() goes beyond my understanding. See 
>>the example. I would expect from reading the 
>>help for Encoding() that strsplit preserves the 
>>encoding for each resulting element, but for simple letters it gets lost.
>>Also it seems that an Encoding() cannot be 
>>declared for simple letters. They remain in any 
>>case "unknown". In paste() "latin1" seems to dominate "unknown".
>>What kind of characteristic of an object is the 
>>encoding? It does not show up as attribute and 
>>also str() does not give me any hint.
>>Where can I find some explanation regarding encoding?
>>###   Encoding() and strsplit
>>u <- 'abcäöü'
>>[1] "latin1"
>>Encoding(u) <- 'latin1' # to be sure about encoding
>>us <- strsplit(u, '')[[1]] # split in single strings
>>[1] "unknown" "unknown" "unknown" "latin1"  "latin1"  "latin1"
>>Encoding(us) <- rep('latin1', length(us))
>>[1] "unknown" "unknown" "unknown" "latin1"  "latin1"  "latin1"
>>pus <- paste(us[1], us[5], sep='')
>>[1] "latin1"
>>platform = i386-pc-mingw32
>>arch = i386
>>os = mingw32
>>system = i386, mingw32
>>status = Patched
>>major = 2
>>minor = 8.0
>>year = 2008
>>month = 11
>>day = 04
>>svn rev = 46830
>>language = R
>>version.string = R version 2.8.0 Patched (2008-11-04 r46830)
>>Windows XP (build 2600) Service Pack 2
>>Search Path:
>>.GlobalEnv, package:stats, package:graphics, 
>>package:grDevices, package:utils, 
>>package:datasets, package:methods, Autoloads, package:base
>>R-help at r-project.org mailing list
>>PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
>>and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>Brian D. Ripley,                  ripley at stats.ox.ac.uk
>Professor of Applied Statistics,  http://www.stats.ox.ac.uk/~ripley/
>University of Oxford,             Tel:  +44 1865 272861 (self)
>1 South Parks Road,                     +44 1865 272866 (PA)
>Oxford OX1 3TG, UK                Fax:  +44 1865 272595

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