# [R] Expanding data ...

Philipp Pagel p.pagel at wzw.tum.de
Sun Nov 16 14:28:34 CET 2008

```On Sun, Nov 16, 2008 at 07:31:04AM -0500, John Poulsen wrote:
> I have a dataset that has counts, but I need to expand the dataset so
> that each of the counts has its own line in the dataset (row) and is
> given and id.  It looks something like:
>
> Site	Type	Cnt
> 1	"A"	3
> 1	"B"	0
> 2	"C"	2
>
> I want the dataset to look like:
>
> Site	Type	ID
> 1	"A"	1
> 1	"A"	2
> 1	"A"	3
> 1	"B"	0
> 2	"C"	1
> 2	"C"	2
>
> I can do this using loops, but I was wondering if anyone knows a more
> efficient way of expanding the data on counts and giving id numbers.

The following will almost do what you want:

# create example data
df <- data.frame(site=c(1,1,2), type=c('A','B','C'), cnt=c(3,0,2))

# expand according to cnt column
df2 <- df[rep(1:dim(df)[1], times=df\$cnt), ]
# generate ID column
df2\$ID <- unlist(tapply(df2\$cnt, df2\$type, function(x){1:length(x)}))
# get rid of cnt column
df2\$cnt <- NULL

There is one major difference to your example above: As Type 'B' has zero
counts, it will not occur in the expanded dataset - which seems the right thing
to do to me. Keeping a row for zero counts and assigning an ID of 0 is
inconsitent with how positive counts are treated. But factor 'type' still has
level 'B' - even though it does no longer occur in the actual data:

> str(df2)
'data.frame':   5 obs. of  3 variables:
\$ site: num  1 1 1 2 2
\$ type: Factor w/ 3 levels "A","B","C": 1 1 1 3 3
\$ ID  : int  1 2 3 1 2

Maybe this already solves your problem. If not: why do you want special
treatment of empty categories? Maybe you can use this solution and take care of
the zero counts in a different way than you had planned, originally?

cu
Philipp

--
Dr. Philipp Pagel
Lehrstuhl für Genomorientierte Bioinformatik
Technische Universität München
Wissenschaftszentrum Weihenstephan
85350 Freising, Germany
http://mips.gsf.de/staff/pagel

```