# [R] Multiple merge, better solution?

Lauri Nikkinen lauri.nikkinen at iki.fi
Thu Feb 19 13:14:42 CET 2009

```Yes, even better

DF1 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[1:5], a = rnorm(5), b = rnorm(5), c = rnorm(5))
DF2 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[3:7], a = rnorm(5), b = rnorm(5), c = rnorm(5))
DF3 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[6:10], a = rnorm(5), b = rnorm(5), c
= rnorm(5))
DF4 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[8:12], a = rnorm(5), b = rnorm(5), c
= rnorm(5))

DF <- DF1
for ( .df in list(DF2,DF3,DF4) ) {
DF <-merge(DF,.df,by.x="var1", by.y="var1", all=T, suffixes=c("", ""))
}

DF

-Lauri

2009/2/19 Lauri Nikkinen <lauri.nikkinen at iki.fi>:
> That's perfectly fine. I figured out how to to this with my second example
>
> DF1 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[1:5], a = rnorm(5), b = rnorm(5), c = rnorm(5))
> DF2 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[3:7], a = rnorm(5), b = rnorm(5), c = rnorm(5))
> DF3 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[6:10], a = rnorm(5), b = rnorm(5), c
> = rnorm(5))
> DF4 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[8:12], a = rnorm(5), b = rnorm(5), c
> = rnorm(5))
>
> DF <- DF1
> for ( .df in list(DF2,DF3,DF4) ) {
>     DF <-merge(DF,.df,by.x="var1", by.y="var1", all=T)
>     names(DF)[-1] <- paste(names(DF)[-1], 2:length(names(DF)))
> }
> names(DF) <- sub("[[:space:]].+\$", "", names(DF), perl=T)
> DF
>
> Thank you all!
>
> -Lauri
> 2009/2/19 baptiste auguie <ba208 at exeter.ac.uk>:
>> If you don't mind I've added this example to the R wiki,
>>
>> http://wiki.r-project.org/rwiki/doku.php?id=tips:data-frames:merge
>>
>> It would be very nice if a R guru could check that the information I put is
>> not complete fantasy. Feel free to remove as appropriate.
>>
>> Best wishes,
>>
>> baptiste
>>
>>
>> On 19 Feb 2009, at 11:00, Lauri Nikkinen wrote:
>>
>>> Thanks, both solutions work fine. I tried these solutions to my real
>>> data, and I got an error
>>>
>>> Error in match.names(clabs, names(xi)) :
>>>  names do not match previous names
>>>
>>> I refined this example data to look more like my real data, this also
>>> produces the same error. Any ideas how to prevent this error?
>>>
>>> DF1 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[1:5], a = rnorm(5), b = rnorm(5), c =
>>> rnorm(5))
>>> DF2 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[3:7], a = rnorm(5), b = rnorm(5), c =
>>> rnorm(5))
>>> DF3 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[6:10], a = rnorm(5), b = rnorm(5), c
>>> = rnorm(5))
>>> DF4 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[8:12], a = rnorm(5), b = rnorm(5), c
>>> = rnorm(5))
>>>
>>>> g <- merge(DF1, DF2, by.x="var1", by.y="var1", all=T)
>>>> g <- merge(g, DF3, by.x="var1", by.y="var1", all=T)
>>>> merge(g, DF4, by.x="var1", by.y="var1", all=T)
>>>
>>> Error in match.names(clabs, names(xi)) :
>>>  names do not match previous names
>>>
>>>> DF <- DF1
>>>> for ( .df in list(DF2,DF3,DF4) ) {
>>>
>>> +  DF <-merge(DF,.df,by.x="var1", by.y="var1", all=T)
>>> + }
>>>
>>> Error in match.names(clabs, names(xi)) :
>>>  names do not match previous names
>>>
>>>> Reduce(function(x, y) merge(x, y, all=T,by.x="var1", by.y="var1"),
>>>> list(DF1, DF2, DF3, DF4), accumulate=F)
>>>
>>> Error in match.names(clabs, names(xi)) :
>>>  names do not match previous names
>>>
>>> - Lauri
>>>
>>> 2009/2/19 baptiste auguie <ba208 at exeter.ac.uk>:
>>>>
>>>> Hi,
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> DF1 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[1:5], a = rnorm(5))
>>>> DF2 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[3:7], b = rnorm(5))
>>>> DF3 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[6:10], c = rnorm(5))
>>>> DF4 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[8:12], d = rnorm(5))
>>>>
>>>> g <- merge(DF1, DF2, by.x="var1", by.y="var1", all=T)
>>>> g <- merge(g, DF3, by.x="var1", by.y="var1", all=T)
>>>> g <- merge(g, DF4, by.x="var1", by.y="var1", all=T)
>>>>
>>>> test <- Reduce(function(x, y) merge(x, y, all=T,by.x="var1",
>>>> by.y="var1"),
>>>>                      list(DF1, DF2, DF3, DF4), accumulate=F)
>>>>
>>>> all.equal(test, g) # TRUE
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> As a warning, it's the first time I've ever used it myself...
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Hope this helps,
>>>>
>>>> baptiste
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> On 19 Feb 2009, at 10:21, Lauri Nikkinen wrote:
>>>>
>>>>> Hello,
>>>>>
>>>>> My problem is that I would like to merge multiple files with a common
>>>>> column but merge accepts only two
>>>>> data.frames to merge. In the real situation, I have 26 different
>>>>> data.frames with a common column. I can of course use merge many times
>>>>> (see below) but what would be more sophisticated solution? For loop?
>>>>> Any ideas?
>>>>>
>>>>> DF1 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[1:5], a = rnorm(5))
>>>>> DF2 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[3:7], b = rnorm(5))
>>>>> DF3 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[6:10], c = rnorm(5))
>>>>> DF4 <- data.frame(var1 = letters[8:12], d = rnorm(5))
>>>>>
>>>>> g <- merge(DF1, DF2, by.x="var1", by.y="var1", all=T)
>>>>> g <- merge(g, DF3, by.x="var1", by.y="var1", all=T)
>>>>> merge(g, DF4, by.x="var1", by.y="var1", all=T)
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> -Lauri
>>>>>
>>>>> ______________________________________________
>>>>> R-help at r-project.org mailing list
>>>>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
>>>>> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
>>>>> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>>>>
>>>> _____________________________
>>>>
>>>> Baptiste Auguié
>>>>
>>>> School of Physics
>>>> University of Exeter
>>>> Exeter, Devon,
>>>> EX4 4QL, UK
>>>>
>>>> Phone: +44 1392 264187
>>>>
>>>> http://newton.ex.ac.uk/research/emag
>>>> ______________________________
>>>>
>>>>
>>
>> _____________________________
>>
>> Baptiste Auguié
>>
>> School of Physics
>> University of Exeter
>> Exeter, Devon,
>> EX4 4QL, UK
>>
>> Phone: +44 1392 264187
>>
>> http://newton.ex.ac.uk/research/emag
>> ______________________________
>>
>>
>

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