[R] meaning of "<<-"

hadley wickham h.wickham at gmail.com
Sat May 8 14:25:52 CEST 2010

You might want to look at the answers to that question on stackoverflow.com:


On Sat, May 8, 2010 at 1:59 AM, Ruihong Huang
<ruihong.lang.r at googlemail.com> wrote:
> Hi,
> In my memory, "<<-" means assigning via a pointer or alias. But this is not
> officially defined in "R Language Definition". Could anybody help for the
> clarification? Thank you very much!
> Bests,
> Ruihong
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Assistant Professor / Dobelman Family Junior Chair
Department of Statistics / Rice University

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