[R] Compilation error of R-2.14.0 on Mac OS 10.7.2

Marc Schwartz marc_schwartz at me.com
Thu Dec 8 19:04:56 CET 2011

On Dec 8, 2011, at 11:37 AM, Jean-Baptiste Marquette wrote:

> Dear R gurus,
> I attempt to install the latest version of R from source on my MacBook Pro, using latest versions of Xcode and gfortran for Lion and configure options:
> ./configure --with-libintl-prefix=/sw --enable-R-shlib (this last option necessary to further install the Rpy Python package)
> I got the following unreduced compilation error:
> gcc -std=gnu99 -dynamiclib -Wl,-headerpad_max_install_names -undefined dynamic_lookup -single_module -multiply_defined suppress -L/sw/lib -L/usr/local/lib -o tools.so text.o init.o Rmd5.o md5.o signals.o -L../../../../lib -lR -dylib_file libRblas.dylib:../../../../lib/libRblas.dylib -lintl -Wl,-framework -Wl,CoreFoundation
> make[6]: `Makedeps' is up to date.
> mkdir ../../../../library/tools/libs
> Error in dyn.load(file, DLLpath = DLLpath, ...) : 
>  unable to load shared object '/Users/marquett/Downloads/R-2.14.0/library/tools/libs/tools.so':
>  dlopen(/Users/marquett/Downloads/R-2.14.0/library/tools/libs/tools.so, 6): Symbol not found: _libintl_dgettext
>  Referenced from: /Users/marquett/Downloads/R-2.14.0/library/tools/libs/tools.so
>  Expected in: /Users/marquett/Downloads/R-2.14.0/lib/libR.dylib
> in /Users/marquett/Downloads/R-2.14.0/library/tools/libs/tools.so
> Error: impossible de charger le code R depuis le package ‘tools’
> Execution halted
> make[3]: *** [all] Error 1
> make[2]: *** [R] Error 1
> make[1]: *** [R] Error 1
> make: *** [R] Error 1
> However the binary file matches the unresolved symbol:
> grep _libintl_dgettext /Users/marquett/Downloads/R-2.14.0/library/tools/libs/tools.so
> Binary file /Users/marquett/Downloads/R-2.14.0/library/tools/libs/tools.so matches
> Any help welcome.
> Cheers
> Jean-Baptiste

First, this query is best posted to R-SIG-MAC, not R-Help. More info here:


Second, the pre-built R binary for OSX that Simon creates already uses --enable-R-shilb, so that there is no reason to build from source if that is your only issue.

Third, on OSX, there is no /sw by default and it is not clear why you are using that configure option, which is the likely source of the error you are getting.

If you really want to build from source, there is information in the R for OSX FAQ:


The R Installation and Admin Manual:


and Simon's page:



Marc Schwartz

More information about the R-help mailing list