[R] How to fill irregular polygons with patterns?

Fri Nov 18 22:48:51 CET 2011

```Hi,

Two possible routes I can suggest:

1- export the plot in svg format, which supports natively the use of
filling patterns, e.g.

http://www.w3.org/TR/SVG/images/pservers/pattern01.svg

process of "grid.garnish()-ing" the grobs; last time I looked I didn't
succeed. Otherwise, manual editing or a software like Inkscape can do
the trick.

picture. For example,

png("pattern.png"); xy = expand.grid( x = seq(0,1, length=20),
y=seq(0,1, length=20)) ;
with(xy, grid.points(x, y, pch=21, gp=gpar(col="red", fill="blue",
lwd=2), def="npc"))
dev.off()

library(png)

pattern <- matrix(rgb(p[,,1],p[,,2],p[,,3]),
nrow=dim(p)[1])

nrow=dim(m)[1])

grid.raster(pattern)

HTH,

baptiste

On 19 November 2011 07:03, Ortiz, John <OrtizJ at si.edu> wrote:
>
> Hi,
>
> I'm looking the best way to fill irregular polygons with patterns,
> Something like the function grid.pattern do, but my case is with
> irregular polygons.
>
> Whit this script I can get it, but I'm looking for an "elegant" solution..
>
> library(grid)
>
> grid.polygon(x=c(0.2, 0.8, 0.6, 0.6, 0.8, 0.2),
>    y=c(0.2, 0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7,0.7),
>    gp=gpar(fill="grey", alpha=0.9))
> tmp=seq(0.225,0.7,0.075)
> for(i in 1:length(tmp)) {
>  grid.abline(intercep=tmp[i],
>  slope=0, units="npc",
>  range=c(0.21,0.79),
>  gp=gpar(lty=c("F8","2"), lwd=1.1))
> }
> tmp2=seq(0.265,0.685,0.075)
> for(i in 1:length(tmp2)) {
>  grid.abline(intercep=tmp2[i],
>  slope=0, units="npc",
>  range=c(0.225,0.775),
>  gp=gpar(lty="F8", lwd=1.1, col="red"))
> }
>
> grid.polygon(x=c(0.8, 0.6, 0.6, 0.8),
>  y=c(0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7),
>  gp=gpar(fill="white", col="white"))
>
> grid.polygon(x=c(0.2, 0.8, 0.6, 0.6, 0.8, 0.2),
>  y=c(0.2, 0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7,0.7),
>  gp=gpar(fill="transparent"))
>
> ###  other example
>
>
> grid.polygon(x=c(0.2, 0.8, 0.6, 0.6, 0.8, 0.2),
>  y=c(0.2, 0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7,0.7),
>  gp=gpar(fill="yellow", alpha=0.8))
>
> grid.points(x=runif(500, min=0.21, max=0.79),
>  y=runif(500, min=0.21, max=0.69),
>  default.units="npc", pch=c(20,21),
>  gp=gpar(cex=c(0.3, 0.5, 0.6), alpha=0.7))
>
> grid.polygon(x=c(0.8, 0.6, 0.6, 0.8),
>  y=c(0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7),
>  gp=gpar(fill="white", col="white",
>  lwd=0, alpha=1))
>
> grid.polygon(x=c(0.2, 0.8, 0.6, 0.6, 0.8, 0.2),
>  y=c(0.2, 0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7,0.7),
>  gp=gpar(fill="transparent", alpha=1))
>
>