# [R] Adding two or more columns of a data frame for each row when NAs are present.

Ian Strang hamamelis at ntlworld.com
Sun Nov 20 21:38:11 CET 2011

```I am fairly new to R and would like help with the problem below. I am
trying to sum and count several rows in the data frame yy below. All works
well as in example 1. When I try to add the columns, with an NA in Q21, I
get as NA as mySum. I would like NA to be treated as O, or igored.
I wrote a function to try to count an NA element as 0, Example 3 function.
It works with a few warnings, Example 4, but still gives NA instead of the
addition when there is an NA in an element.

In Example 6 & 7, I tried using sum() but it just sums the whole data
frame, I think,

How do I add together several columns giving the result for each row in
mySum? NA should be treated as a 0. Please, note, I do not want to sum all
the columns, as I think rowSums would do, just the selected ones.

Ian,

> yy <- read.table( header = T, sep=",", text =     ## to create a data frame
+ "Q20, Q21, Q22, Q23, Q24
+  0,1, 2,3,4
+  1,NA,2,3,4
+  2,1, 2,3,4")
+  yy
Q20 Q21 Q22 Q23 Q24
1   0   1    2   3   4
2   1  NA   2   3   4
3   2   1    2   3   4

> x <- transform( yy,     ############## Example 1
+   mySum = as.numeric(Q20) + as.numeric(Q22) + as.numeric(Q24),
+   myCount =
as.numeric(!is.na(Q20))+as.numeric(!is.na(Q21))+as.numeric(!is.na(Q24))
+ )
+ x
Q20 Q21 Q22 Q23 Q24 mySum myCount
1   0   1    2   3   4     6       3
2   1  NA   2   3   4     7       2
3   2   1    2   3   4     8       3
>
+ x <- transform( yy,     ################ Example 2
+   mySum = as.numeric(Q20) + as.numeric(Q21) + as.numeric(Q24),
+   myCount =
as.numeric(!is.na(Q20))+as.numeric(!is.na(Q21))+as.numeric(!is.na(Q24))
+ )
+ x
Q20 Q21 Q22 Q23 Q24 mySum myCount
1   0   1    2   3   4     5       3
2   1  NA   2   3   4    NA       2
3   2   1    2   3   4     7       3

> NifAvail <- function(x) { if (is.na(x)) x<-0 else x <- x
############### Example 3
+   return(as.numeric(x))
+ } #end function
+ NifAvail(5)
 5
+ NifAvail(NA)
 0

> x <- transform( yy,
+   mySum = NifAvail(Q20) + NifAvail(Q22) + NifAvail(Q24),
############### Example 4
+   myCount =
as.numeric(!is.na(Q20))+as.numeric(!is.na(Q21))+as.numeric(!is.na(Q24))
+ )
Warning messages:
1: In if (is.na(x)) x <- 0 else x <- x :
the condition has length > 1 and only the first element will be used
2: In if (is.na(x)) x <- 0 else x <- x :
the condition has length > 1 and only the first element will be used
3: In if (is.na(x)) x <- 0 else x <- x :
the condition has length > 1 and only the first element will be used
> x
Q20 Q21 Q22 Q23 Q24 mySum myCount
1   0   1    2   3   4     6       3
2   1  NA   2   3   4     7       2
3   2   1    2   3   4     8       3
> x <- transform( yy,
+   mySum = NifAvail(Q20) + NifAvail(Q21) + NifAvail(Q24),
################ Example 5
+   myCount =
as.numeric(!is.na(Q20))+as.numeric(!is.na(Q21))+as.numeric(!is.na(Q24))
+ )
Warning messages:
1: In if (is.na(x)) x <- 0 else x <- x :
the condition has length > 1 and only the first element will be used
2: In if (is.na(x)) x <- 0 else x <- x :
the condition has length > 1 and only the first element will be used
3: In if (is.na(x)) x <- 0 else x <- x :
the condition has length > 1 and only the first element will be used
> x
Q20 Q21 Q22 Q23 Q24 mySum myCount
1   0   1    2   3   4     5       3
2   1  NA   2   3   4    NA       2
3   2   1    2   3   4     7       3

> x <- transform( yy,                                        ############
Example 6
+   mySum = sum(as.numeric(Q20), as.numeric(Q21), as.numeric(Q23), na.rm=T),
+   myCount =
as.numeric(!is.na(Q20))+as.numeric(!is.na(Q21))+as.numeric(!is.na(Q24))
+ )
+ x
Q20 Q21 Q22 Q23 Q24 mySum myCount
1   0   1    2   3   4    14       3
2   1  NA   2   3   4    14       2
3   2   1    2   3   4    14       3

> x <- transform( yy,                                       #############
Example 7
+   mySum = sum(as.numeric(Q20), as.numeric(Q22), as.numeric(Q23), na.rm=T),
+   myCount =
as.numeric(!is.na(Q20))+as.numeric(!is.na(Q21))+as.numeric(!is.na(Q24))
+ )
+ x
Q20 Q21 Q22 Q23 Q24 mySum myCount
1   0   1    2   3   4    18       3
2   1  NA   2   3   4    18       2
3   2   1    2   3   4    18       3

```