[R] Precision of values > 53 bits
Duncan Murdoch
murdoch.duncan at gmail.com
Thu Jan 10 16:58:04 CET 2013
On 13-01-10 6:01 AM, Stephan Mueller wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I am working with large numbers and identified that R looses precision
> for such high numbers.
>
> The precision is lost exactly when the number is equal or larger than 53
> bits. See the following output which shows that the numbers below 53 bit
> have proper precision:
>
>> 2^53
> [1] 9007199254740992
>> 2^53-1
> [1] 9007199254740991
>> 2^53-2
> [1] 9007199254740990
>
> Now, see the numbers above 53 bit:
>
>> 2^53
> [1] 9007199254740992
>> 2^53+1
> [1] 9007199254740992
>> 2^53+2
> [1] 9007199254740994
>> 2^53+3
> [1] 9007199254740996
>> 2^53+4
> [1] 9007199254740996
>
>
> Is there a solution to the problem?
R has no native numeric type with more than 53 bit precision, but other
packages have added it. For example, the gmp package provides an
interface to the gmp library which supports arbitrarily large integers
and arbitary precision rationals.
Duncan Murdoch
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