[R] how to use "..."
Steve Taylor
steve.taylor at aut.ac.nz
Thu Jan 17 21:27:53 CET 2013
Here's a link (on my local CRAN)...
http://cran.stat.auckland.ac.nz/doc/manuals/r-release/R-intro.html#The-three-dots-argument
-----Original Message-----
From: r-help-bounces at r-project.org [mailto:r-help-bounces at r-project.org] On Behalf Of Bert Gunter
Sent: Friday, 18 January 2013 4:54a
To: ivan.calandra at u-bourgogne.fr
Cc: R list
Subject: Re: [R] how to use "..."
Well..
On Thu, Jan 17, 2013 at 7:42 AM, Ivan Calandra
<ivan.calandra at u-bourgogne.fr> wrote:
> Ok, it is that simple... Actually I had tried it but messed up so that it
> didn't work.
> Do you know where I can find some documentation about it?
The "R language definition" manual would be the logical place to look,
no? And sure enough, it's there!
The Introduction to R tutorial also contains info in the "writing
functions" section.
A very good, though now dated, exposition can be found in V&R's S
Programming book. Although a little care is needed due to age, it's
still my favorite.
-- Bert
>
> Regarding return(), I know that it's not necessary, but when the function
> gets more complicated, I like to have it because it becomes clearer to me.
>
> Thanks all!
> Ivan
>
> --
> Ivan CALANDRA
> Université de Bourgogne
> UMR CNRS/uB 6282 Biogéosciences
> 6 Boulevard Gabriel
> 21000 Dijon, FRANCE
> +33(0)3.80.39.63.06
> ivan.calandra at u-bourgogne.fr
> http://biogeosciences.u-bourgogne.fr/calandra
>
> Le 17/01/13 15:55, R. Michael Weylandt a écrit :
>>
>> On Thu, Jan 17, 2013 at 2:36 PM, Ivan Calandra
>> <ivan.calandra at u-bourgogne.fr> wrote:
>>>
>>> Dear users,
>>>
>>> I'm trying to learn how to use the "...".
>>>
>>> I have written a function (simplified here) that uses doBy::summaryBy():
>>> # 'dat' is a data.frame from which the aggregation is computed
>>> # 'vec_cat' is a integer vector defining which columns of the data.frame
>>> should be use on the right side of the formula
>>> # 'stat_fun' is the function that will be run to aggregate
>>> stat.group <- function(dat, vec_cat, stat_fun){
>>> require(doBy)
>>> df <-
>>>
>>> summaryBy(as.formula(paste0(".~",paste0(names(dat)[vec_cat],collapse="+"))),
>>> data=dat, FUN=stat_fun)
>>> return(df)
>>> }
>>> [SNIP EXAMPLE -- THANK YOU FOR IT]
>>>
>>> Now summaryBy() has an "..." argument and I would like to use it.
>>> For example, I would like to be able to add the trim argument to my call
>>> like this:
>>> stat.group(dat=my_data, vec_cat=1, stat_fun=mean, trim=0.2)
>>>
>>>
>> Thanks for the great working examples!
>>
>> It's actually not too hard here -- just pass "..." down as if it were
>> an argument and let summaryBy() do the hard work of actually handling
>> the dots:
>>
>> stat.group <- function(dat, vec_cat, stat_fun, ...){
>> require(doBy)
>> df <-
>> summaryBy(as.formula(paste0(".~",paste0(names(dat)[vec_cat],collapse="+"))),
>> data=dat, FUN=stat_fun, ...)
>> return(df)
>> }
>>
>> Also, note that as a matter of style, you can actually clean this up a
>> little bit: R follows the trend of many functional languages in
>> automatically returning the value of the last expression evaluated:
>>
>> stat.group <- function(dat, vec_cat, stat_fun, ...){
>> require(doBy)
>>
>> summaryBy(as.formula(paste0(".~",paste0(names(dat)[vec_cat],collapse="+"))),
>> data=dat, FUN=stat_fun, ...)
>> }
>>
>> Cheers,
>> Michael
>>
>
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--
Bert Gunter
Genentech Nonclinical Biostatistics
Internal Contact Info:
Phone: 467-7374
Website:
http://pharmadevelopment.roche.com/index/pdb/pdb-functional-groups/pdb-biostatistics/pdb-ncb-home.htm
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