[R] Extracting elements from a matrix using a vector containing indices
Berend Hasselman
bhh at xs4all.nl
Tue May 7 06:53:39 CEST 2013
On 07-05-2013, at 06:39, Mark Coletti <mcoletti at gmail.com> wrote:
> I have a matrix of data that has a corresponding vector of indices. I
> would like to use those indices to extract specific matrix elements into a
> new vector. In other words, I have an R X C matrix with a corresponding
> vector of C elements that have numbers mapping into specific elements of
> the matrix. I'd like to generate a new vector C long that contains those
> elements.
>
It's not clear what you want.
The vector C contains row numbers or column numbers?
> My first approach is to iteratively grind through each matrix column to
> manually extract the element corresponding to that column as referenced by
> the appropriate index, and then appending that to a vector.
So you want to extract a single element from each column?
Your matrix is Mat and the vector is called vec
Mat[vec,]
should do it.
If this is not what you want you will have to be more specific.
Berend
> However, my R
> instincts are that any time one has to craft a for loop to do something in
> R that you are very likely Doing It Wrong; there's probably a very simple
> one liner in R that will do all that that for loop would do.
>
> I know there must be a simple "R way" to do this, but I remain flummoxed on
> how to do so. I've been feebly poking at the plyr package's maplyr() and
> colwise() since I have a matrix and want to extract an array from it, and
> this is inherently a column wise operation, so ... hmm.
>
> Should I just give up and use a for loop?
> --
> mcoletti at gmail.com
>
> [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
>
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