# [R] Logical operators and named arguments

Patrick Burns pburns at pburns.seanet.com
Sat Aug 9 01:56:40 CEST 2014

```On 07/08/2014 07:21, Joshua Wiley wrote:
> Hi Ryan,
>
> It does work, but the *apply family of functions always pass to the first
> argument, so you can specify e2 = , but not e1 =.  For example:
>
>> sapply(1:3, `>`, e2 = 2)
> [1] FALSE FALSE  TRUE

That is not true:

gt <- function(x, y) x > y

> sapply(1:3, gt, y=2)
[1] FALSE FALSE  TRUE
> sapply(1:3, gt, x=2)
[1]  TRUE FALSE FALSE

Specifying the first argument(s) in an apply
call is a standard way of getting flexibility.

I'd hazard to guess that the reason the original
version doesn't work is because `>` is Primitive.
There's speed at the expense of not behaving quite
the same as typical functions.

Pat

>
>>From ?sapply
>
>       'lapply' returns a list of the same length as 'X', each element of
>       which is the result of applying 'FUN' to the corresponding element
>       of 'X'.
>
> so `>` is applied to each element of 1:3
>
> `>`(1, ...)
> `>`(2, ...)
> `>`(3, ...)
>
> and if e2 is specified than that is passed
>
> `>`(1, 2)
> `>`(2, 2)
> `>`(3, 2)
>
> Further, see ?Ops
>
>     If the members of this group are called as functions, any
>            argument names are removed to ensure that positional matching
>            is always used.
>
> and you can see this at work:
>
>> `>`(e1 = 1, e2 = 2)
> [1] FALSE
>> `>`(e2 = 1, e1 = 2)
> [1] FALSE
>
> If you want to the flexibility to specify which argument the elements of X
> should be *applied to, use a wrapper:
>
>> sapply(1:3, function(x) `>`(x, 2))
> [1] FALSE FALSE  TRUE
>> sapply(1:3, function(x) `>`(2, x))
> [1]  TRUE FALSE FALSE
>
>
> HTH,
>
> Josh
>
>
>
> On Thu, Aug 7, 2014 at 2:20 PM, Ryan <reckbo at bwh.harvard.edu> wrote:
>
>> Hi,
>>
>> I'm wondering why calling ">" with named arguments doesn't work as
>> expected:
>>
>>> args(">")
>> function (e1, e2)
>> NULL
>>
>>> sapply(c(1,2,3), `>`, e2=0)
>> [1] TRUE TRUE TRUE
>>
>>> sapply(c(1,2,3), `>`, e1=0)
>> [1] TRUE TRUE TRUE
>>
>> Shouldn't the latter be FALSE?
>>
>> Thanks for any help,
>> Ryan
>>
>>
>> The information in this e-mail is intended only for th...{{dropped:23}}
>
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--
Patrick Burns
pburns at pburns.seanet.com
twitter: @burnsstat @portfolioprobe
http://www.portfolioprobe.com/blog
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```

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