[R] Capturing output of a C executable

Phil Spector spector at stat.berkeley.edu
Mon Feb 3 23:44:12 CET 2014

Dennis -
     The return value from .C will almost never be useful.  If you want to bring
results from the C environment into R, you need to do it by passing an address to
.C which will receive the result.
     You may find this document helpful when interfacing R to C:


 					- Phil Spector
 					 Statistical Computing Facility
 					 Department of Statistics
 					 UC Berkeley
 					 spector at stat.berkeley.edu

On Sun, 2 Feb 2014, Dennis Fisher wrote:

> R 3.0.1
> OS X
> Colleagues,
> I am experimenting with incorporating C code into R.  After compiling the C code with:
> and executing:
> 	dyn.load(“FILE.so”)
> (without any errors), I execute the following R functions in a terminal window:
> 	READSAS 	<- function(sourcefile) .C("readsas", sourcefile)
> 	OUTPUT 		<- READSAS("../SASFILES/sdrug.sas7bdat")
> R / C then reads a sas7bdat file and sends the contents to the terminal window.
> I expected OUTPUT to contain the text that appear in the terminal window (i.e., the contents of the file).  But, that is not the case; OUTPUT contains:
> 	[[1]]
> 	[1] "../SASFILES/sdrug.sas7bdat"
> It is not clear to my how to capture that appears in the terminal window.
> Ultimately, I may need to modify the C code so that the output goes to a file, which I then read into R.  However, it would be better if I did not need to modify the C code.
> Does anyone have any ideas of how I can capture this output within R?
> Dennis
> Dennis Fisher MD
> P < (The "P Less Than" Company)
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