[R] vectorization
Duncan Murdoch
murdoch.duncan at gmail.com
Wed Jan 29 13:31:28 CET 2014
On 14-01-29 6:41 AM, Bill wrote:
> Hi. I saw this example and I cannot begin to figure out how it works. Can
> anyone give me an idea on this?
>
> n = 9e6
> df = data.frame(values = rnorm(n),
> ID = rep(LETTERS[1:3], each = n/3),
> stringsAsFactors = FALSE)
>> head(df)
> values ID
> 1 -0.7355823 A
> 2 -0.4729925 A
> 3 -0.7417259 A
> 4 1.7633367 A
> 5 -0.3006790 A
> 6 0.6785947 A
>
>
> The idea is to replace all occurrences of A by 'Text for A'.
>
> He does this:
>
> translator_vector = c(A = 'Text for A',
> B = 'Text for B',
> C = 'Text for C')
>
> and subset this vector using df$ID:
>
> dum_vectorized = translator_vector[df$ID]
>
> It works but I have no idea why.
He is indexing by name. The translator_vector looks like this:
A B C
"Text for A" "Text for B" "Text for C"
The first element is named A, the second B, the third C.
So translator_vector["A"] is the same as translator_vector[1]. The ID
column in your dataframe is a vector of strings to be used as names, so
each one pulls out one element from the translator_vector.
Duncan Murdoch
>
> Thank you.
>
> [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
>
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