# [R] "Group" argument of kruskal function (agricolae package) does not coincide with p-values

Wed Dec 30 14:06:59 CET 2015

```Hello,
I work with the kruskla function of the agricolae package to conduct Kurskal-Wallis tests.
The kurskal function has the argument "group"=T/F.
If group=T, the output of the kruskal test assigns a "significance letter" to each mean of each tested treatment (means with the same letter are not significantly different).
However, if I compare the "significance letters" with the p-values (obtained if group=F) sometimes the sign. letters and p-values do not coincide.
E.g. in my example the treatments "2" and "2C" differ significantly from each other (p.value=0.0332, level of significance=0.05) , however both of them are assigned the letter "a" if group=T is used.

Does anyone know why that's the case? First I thought is because I use a holm correction, but this should already be seen in the actual p-values.

The problem is that I would like to use the "sign. letters" in one of my figures (so the reader can easily distinguish which treatments are different from each other) but also use the p-values in the text (and of course sometimes the letters and p-values do not coincide)

Thank you Mike

EXAMPLE:
#Below is the code and the dput of my data frame (called "example")

kruskal(example\$H.polone,example\$Position, p.adj = 'holm', console = T, group = F)
#group=F shows p-values, group=T shows sign. letters

> dput(example)

structure(list(leaf = structure(c(2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L,

2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L,

2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L, 2L,

2L, 2L, 2L, 2L), .Label = c("Cot", "L1", "L2", "L4", "L7"), class = "factor"),

H.polone = c(980.310618, 2474.133482, 4406.901817, 2233.141989,

1284.855658, 1202.881507, 2393.532397, 2639.775244, 2853.759572,

3009.791049, 2734.731629, 1539.309599, 9634.265878, 15627.14214,

13212.8464, 4.679175916, 5004.820592, 17045.7964, 17461.49723,

14065.03002, 24452.43564, 17267.91494, 9483.597645, 535.05702,

582.0554615, 163.9588478, 527.1015784, 621.3924963, 519.8953943,

1429.334963, 584.2620172, 600.5646899, 568.2045799, 583.0237882,

1054.557537, 576.5345625, 366.6277524, 644.2932199, 877.2948815,

343.9021574, 960.3431623, 899.6237855, 834.5025197), Position = structure(c(6L,

6L, 6L, 6L, 6L, 6L, 6L, 6L, 6L, 6L, 6L, 6L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L,

5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 5L, 8L, 8L, 8L, 8L, 8L, 8L, 8L, 8L,

8L, 8L, 7L, 7L, 7L, 7L, 7L, 7L, 7L, 7L, 7L, 7L), .Label = c("1",

"1C", "1L4", "1L4C", "2", "2C", "2L4", "2L4C", "3", "3C",

"3L4", "3L4C", "4L4", "4L4C", "5L4", "5L4C"), class = "factor")), class = "data.frame", row.names = c(NA,

-43L), .Names = c("leaf", "H.polone", "Position"))

Eisenring Michael, Msc.
PhD Student

Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research
EAER
Institute of Sustainability Sciences ISS
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