# [R] Vectorised operations

William Dunlap wdunlap at tibco.com
Wed May 18 16:26:01 CEST 2016

```ave(A, i, FUN=cummax) loops but is faster than your aggregate-based
solution.  E.g.,

> i <- rep(1:10000, sample(0:210, replace=TRUE, size=10000))
> length(i)
 1056119
> a <- sample(-50:50, replace=TRUE, size=length(i))
> system.time( vAve <- ave(a, i, FUN=cummax) )
user  system elapsed
0.13    0.03    0.16
> system.time( vAggregate <-
as.vector(unlist(aggregate(a,list(i),cummax)[])) )
user  system elapsed
1.81    0.13    1.98
> all.equal(vAve, vAggregate)
 TRUE

Bill Dunlap
TIBCO Software
wdunlap tibco.com

On Wed, May 18, 2016 at 6:32 AM, John Logsdon <
j.logsdon at quantex-research.com> wrote:

> Folks
>
> I have some very long vectors - typically 1 million long - which are
> indexed by another vector, same length, with values from 1 to a few
> thousand, sp each sub part of the vector may be a few hundred values long.
>
> I want to calculate the cumulative maximum of each sub part the main
> vector by the index in an efficient manner.  This can obviously be done in
> a loop but the whole calculation is embedded within many other
> calculations which would make everything very slow indeed.  All the other
>
> For example,
>
> A=c(1,2,1,  -3,5,6,7,4,  6,3,7,6,9, ...)
> i=c(1,1,1,   2,2,2,2,2,  3,3,3,3,3, ...)
>
> where A has three levels that are not the same but the levels themselves
> are all monotonic non-decreasing.
>
> the answer to be a vector of the same length:
>
> R=c(1,2,2,  -3,5,6,7,7,  6,6,7,7,9, ...)
>
> If I could reset the cumulative maximum to -1e6 (eg) at each change of
> index, a simple cummax would do but I can't see how to do this.
>
> The best way I have found so far is to use the aggregate command:
>
> as.vector(unlist(aggregate(a,list(i),cummax)[]))
>
> but rarely this fails, returning a shorter vector than expected and seems
> rather ugly,  converting to and from lists which may well be an
>
> I have been trying other approaches using apply() methods but either it
> can't be done using them or I can't get my head round them!
>
> Any ideas?
>
> Best wishes
>
> John
>
> John Logsdon
> Quantex Research Ltd
> +44 161 445 4951/+44 7717758675
>
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