[R] [FORGED] Logical Operators' inconsistent Behavior
ted.harding at wlandres.net
Fri May 19 15:27:01 CEST 2017
[I unadvertently sent my reply below to Jeremie, instead of R-help.
Also, I havve had an additional thought which may clarify things
for R users].
The point about this is that (as Rolf wrote) FALSE & (anything)
is FALSE, provided logical NA is either TRUE ot FALSE but,
because the "NA" says that it is not known which it is,
it could be "anything". And, indeed, if "NA" is given the
"missing" meaning and if we assume that a missing logical value
did indeed have a value (necessarily either TRUE or FALSE),
then it follows logically that FALSE & NA = FALS£.
On the other hand, if with the "missing" interpretation of "NA"
we don't even know that it is a logical, then it might be fair
enough to say FALSE & NA = NA.
Testing to see what would happen if the NA were not loigical,
I put myself (not being logical ... ) on the line, facing up to R:
X <- "Ted"
FALSE & X
Error in FALSE & X :
operations are possible only for numeric, logical or complex types
So R will refuse to deal with any variable which cannot partake in
a logical expression.
On Fri, 2017-05-19 at 14:24 +0200, Jérémie Juste wrote:
> My apologies if I was not clear enough,
> TRUE & NA could be either TRUE or FALSE and consequently is NA.
> why is FALSE & NA = FALSE? NA could be TRUE or FALSE, so FALSE & NA
> should be NA?
> On Fri, May 19, 2017 at 2:13 PM, Rolf Turner <r.turner at auckland.ac.nz>
> > On 20/05/17 00:01, Jérémie Juste wrote:
> >> Hello,
> >> Rolf said,
> >> TRUE & FALSE is FALSE but TRUE & TRUE is TRUE, so TRUE & NA could be
> >> either TRUE or FALSE and consequently is NA.
> >> OTOH FALSE & (anything) is FALSE so FALSE & NA is FALSE.
> >> According to this logic why is
> >> FALSE & NA
> >>  FALSE
> > Huh????
> > cheers,
> > Rolf Turner
> > --
> > Technical Editor ANZJS
> > Department of Statistics
> > University of Auckland
> > Phone: +64-9-373-7599 ext. 88276
> Jérémie Juste
> [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
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