[R] About change columns and specific rows in R
lily li
chocold12 at gmail.com
Tue May 23 18:31:51 CEST 2017
Thanks for all your help. It works now.
On Tue, May 23, 2017 at 1:34 AM, William Michels via R-help <
r-help at r-project.org> wrote:
> Hi Ivan,
>
> I was just writing a follow-up note as your note came in. While the
> code I posted previously works fine, using which() is unnecessary.
>
> > DF <- read.csv("~/lily.csv")
> > DF$product1_1 <- NA
> > DF$product1_1 <- DF[DF$month == 1, "product1"]*3.1
> Error in `$<-.data.frame`(`*tmp*`, "product1_1", value = c(55.8, 58.9, :
> replacement has 4 rows, data has 7
> > DF$product1_1 <- DF[which(DF$month == 1), "product1"]*3.1
> Error in `$<-.data.frame`(`*tmp*`, "product1_1", value = c(55.8, 58.9, :
> replacement has 4 rows, data has 7
> > DF[DF$month == 1, "product1_1"] <- DF[DF$month == 1, "product1"]*3.1
> > DF
> year month day product1 product2 product3 product1_1
> 1 1981 1 1 18 56 20 55.8
> 2 1981 1 2 19 45 22 58.9
> 3 1981 1 3 16 48 28 49.6
> 4 1981 1 4 19 50 21 58.9
> 5 1981 2 1 17 49 25 NA
> 6 1981 2 2 20 47 23 NA
> 7 1981 2 3 21 52 27 NA
> >
>
> The two errors above were caused because I failed to specify rows on
> the left hand side of the assignment operator, not because I failed to
> use which(). Once rows and columns are specified on both sides, the
> assignment works fine.
>
> (I do however, prefer to create an "NA" column first. Personal preference
> ;-).
>
> Best Regards,
>
> Bill.
>
>
>
> On Mon, May 22, 2017 at 11:57 PM, Ivan Calandra <calandra at rgzm.de> wrote:
> > Hi,
> >
> > Actually, you don't need to create the column first, nor to use which:
> > DF[DF$month==1, "product1_1"] = DF[DF$month==1, "product1"] * 3.1
> >
> > The "[" is a great tool that you need to learn. In this case, you don't
> need
> > to combine "[" and $: within the square brackets, the vector before the
> > comma indexes the rows and the one after the comma indexes the columns.
> >
> > The other thing you were missing correctly referencing the rows. You
> have to
> > specify the data.frame you want to look into.
> >
> > And last, learn to use dput() to provide a nice reproducible example.
> >
> > HTH,
> > Ivan
> >
> >
> > --
> > Dr. Ivan Calandra
> > TraCEr, Laboratory for Traceology and Controlled Experiments
> > MONREPOS Archaeological Research Centre and
> > Museum for Human Behavioural Evolution
> > Schloss Monrepos
> > 56567 Neuwied, Germany
> > +49 (0) 2631 9772-243
> > https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ivan_Calandra
> >
> > On 23/05/2017 08:45, William Michels via R-help wrote:
> >>
> >> Hi Lily,
> >>
> >> You're on the right track, but you should define a new column first
> >> (filled with NA values), then specify the precise rows and columns on
> >> both the left and right hand sides of the assignment operator that
> >> will be altered. Luckily, this is pretty easy...just remember to use
> >> which() on the right hand side of the assignment operator to get the
> >> index of the rows you want. Example below for "product1":
> >>
> >>> DF$product1_1 <- NA
> >>> DF[DF$month == 1, "product1_1"] <- DF[which(DF$month == 1),
> >>> "product1"]*3.1
> >>>
> >>
> >> HTH,
> >>
> >> Bill.
> >>
> >> William Michels, Ph.D.
> >>
> >>
> >>
> >>
> >> On Mon, May 22, 2017 at 9:56 PM, lily li <chocold12 at gmail.com> wrote:
> >>>
> >>> Hi R users,
> >>>
> >>> I have a question about manipulating the dataframe. I want to create a
> >>> new
> >>> dataframe, and to multiply rows with different seasons for different
> >>> constants.
> >>>
> >>> DF
> >>> year month day product1 product2 product3
> >>> 1981 1 1 18 56 20
> >>> 1981 1 2 19 45 22
> >>> 1981 1 3 16 48 28
> >>> 1981 1 4 19 50 21
> >>> 1981 2 1 17 49 25
> >>> 1981 2 2 20 47 23
> >>> 1981 2 3 21 52 27
> >>>
> >>> For example, how to multiply product1 in month1 by 3.1, and to multiply
> >>> product3 in month2 by 2.0? I wrote the code like this but does not
> work.
> >>> Thanks for your help.
> >>>
> >>> DF['month'==1, ]$product1_1 = DF['month'==1, ]$product1 * 3.1;
> >>> DF['month'==2, ]$product3_1 = DF['month'==1, ]$product3 * 2.0;
> >>>
> >>> [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
> >>>
> >>> ______________________________________________
> >>> R-help at r-project.org mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
> >>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> >>> PLEASE do read the posting guide
> >>> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> >>> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
> >>
> >> ______________________________________________
> >> R-help at r-project.org mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
> >> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> >> PLEASE do read the posting guide
> >> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> >> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
> >>
> >
> > ______________________________________________
> > R-help at r-project.org mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
> > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> > PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/
> posting-guide.html
> > and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>
> ______________________________________________
> R-help at r-project.org mailing list -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/
> posting-guide.html
> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
>
[[alternative HTML version deleted]]
More information about the R-help
mailing list