# [R] Optimize code to read text-file with digits

Martin Maechler maechler at stat.math.ethz.ch
Fri Sep 8 17:09:00 CEST 2017

```>>>>> peter dalgaard <pdalgd at gmail.com>
>>>>>     on Fri, 8 Sep 2017 16:12:21 +0200 writes:

>> On 8 Sep 2017, at 15:51 , Martin Møller Skarbiniks
>> Pedersen <traxplayer at gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>> On 8 September 2017 at 14:37, peter dalgaard
>> <pdalgd at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>
>>>
>>>> On 8 Sep 2017, at 14:03 , peter dalgaard
>>>> <pdalgd at gmail.com> wrote:
>>>>
>>>> x[-seq(1,220000,11)]
>>>
>>> ...and, come to think of it, if you really want the
>>> 1000000 random digits:
>>>
>>> xx <- c(outer(x,10^(0:4), "%/%")) %% 10
>>>
>>
>> Hi Peter, Thanks a lot for the answers. I can see that I
>> result than expected.
>>
R> x <- scan("digits.txt")
>>
>> [1] 0 10097 32533 76520 13586 34673
>>
>> [1] 10097 32533 76520 13586 34673 54876
>>
R> head(c(outer(x,10^(0:4), "%/%")) %% 10, 10) #
>> [1] 7 3 0 6 3 6 9 7 2 5
>>

> Ah, right. You do get all the digits, but in the order of
> the last digit of each 5 digit number, then all the
> penultimate digits, etc. To get digits in the right order,
> try

>> xx <- c(t(outer(x,10^(4:0), "%/%"))) %% 10 head(xx, 100)
>   [1] 1 0 0 9 7 3 2 5 3 3 7 6 5 2 0 1 3 5 8 6 3 4 6 7 3 5
> 4 8 7 6 8 0 9 5 [35] 9 0 9 1 1 7 3 9 2 9 2 7 4 9 4 5 3 7 5
> 4 2 0 4 8 0 5 6 4 8 9 4 7 4 2 [69] 9 6 2 4 8 0 5 2 4 0 3 7
> 2 0 6 3 6 1 0 4 0 2 0 0 8 2 2 9 1 6 6 5

> I.e., reverse the order of digit generation and transpose
> the matrix that outer() creates (because matrices are
> column-major).

As people are  "exercising" with R and it's Friday:

Try to use  read.fwf() instead of scan() to get to the digits directly,
and see if you get the identical digits, and if it is faster overall or not
[I have no idea of the answer to that].

another Martin.

```