[R] Printing standard notation and scientific notation in the same column of a dataframe
MacQueen, Don
m@cqueen1 @end|ng |rom ||n|@gov
Thu Sep 27 23:51:12 CEST 2018
First compare
> format(c(0.52, 0.17, 0.03, 1e-20))
[1] "5.2e-01" "1.7e-01" "3.0e-02" "1.0e-20"
> prettyNum(c(0.52, 0.17, 0.03, 1e-20))
[1] "0.52" "0.17" "0.03" "1e-20"
>
If you want to print one column at a time, that will do what you ask. If you want to print the entire data frame, with numeric columns formatting this way when needed, it will take more work.
Start with ?print.data.frame, which says, in part,
This calls 'format' which formats the data frame column-by-column,
then converts to a character matrix and dispatches to the 'print'
method for matrices.
Fortunately the code for print.data.frame is fairly short and simple. Looking at it, it calls format.data.frame (also fairly short and simple), which in turn uses format(). So there does not appear to be a built in option for the formatting you want.
Some possible approaches:
1) create your own version of format.data.frame which uses prettyNum on numeric columns and format on all other types. If it appears earlier in the path than base R's format.data.frame it might be used instead.
2) create your own versions of both print.data.frame and format.data.frame, again causing it to use prettyNum on numeric columns
3) manually convert your numeric columns to character columns using prettyNum, then print that. Alignment will probably change, which you may not want, but at least you'll get nicer to read numbers.
(as an aside, I'll claim that this is an example of the power of open-source software -- if you don't like the defaults, one can make one's own version to work however is desired -- but it does take some work)
--
Don MacQueen
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
7000 East Ave., L-627
Livermore, CA 94550
925-423-1062
Lab cell 925-724-7509
On 9/27/18, 11:53 AM, "R-help on behalf of David Winsemius" <r-help-bounces using r-project.org on behalf of dwinsemius using comcast.net> wrote:
> On Sep 27, 2018, at 9:35 AM, David Disabato <ddisab01 using gmail.com> wrote:
>
> Hi R-help,
>
> I was wondering if it was possible for a column of a dataframe to print
> some numbers in standard notation and some in scientific notation. Say my
> column of data (i.e., dat$x) has numbers between 0 and 1 with a few numbers
> very close to 0. When using the "scipen" argument in "options," R seems to
> print all numbers of a column in scientific notation if one number in the
> column is a decimal with a starting digit smaller than the "scipen"
> argument. It is annoying that is changes ALL numbers in that column to
> scientific notation though. For example, I do want .00000000000000000001 in
> scientific notation, but I want .52 in standard form. Ideally, an example
> dataframe column would print as something like this:
>
> print(dat$x)
> .52
> .17
> .03
> 1.0e-20
>
> However, I cannot figure out how to do this. Any solutions people are aware
> of?
Perhaps cat?
> cat(x)
0.52 0.17 0.03 1e-20
>
> --
> David J. Disabato, M.A.
> Clinical Psychology Doctoral Student
> George Mason University
> ddisabat using gmu.edu
>
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David Winsemius
Alameda, CA, USA
'Any technology distinguishable from magic is insufficiently advanced.' -Gehm's Corollary to Clarke's Third Law
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