# [R] Converting Decimal numbers into Binary

Paul Bernal p@u|bern@|07 @end|ng |rom gm@||@com
Sat Dec 28 00:41:22 CET 2019

```Thank you very much Rui.

Best regards!

El vie., 27 de diciembre de 2019 4:22 p. m., Rui Barradas <

> Hello,
>
> You forgot to cc the list, I'm replying all to have a complete thread so
> that others now and in the future can search similar problems they might
> encounter.
> The following function bin2dec works as expected.
>
>
> bin2dec <- function(x){
>    s <- strsplit(x, "")
>    s <- lapply(s, function(x){
>      sum(as.integer(x)*2^((length(x) - 1):0))
>    })
>    unlist(s)
> }
>
>
> bin2dec("001100001111010101000011011110")
> #[1] 205344990
>
> b <- utf8ToBin("133m using ogP00PD;88MD5MTDww using 2D7k", out = "bin")
> bin2dec(b)
> # [1]  1  3  3 53 16 55 47 32  0  0 32 20 11  8  8 29 20  5 29 36
> #[21] 20 63 63 16  2 20  7 51
>
>
> Hope this helps,
>
>
> Às 20:52 de 27/12/19, Paul Bernal escreveu:
> >    Dear friend Rui,
> >
> > Hope you are doing well, thanks for the previous feedback,
> >
> > I have tried different things but have not been able to convert binary
> > numbers back to decimal, to test if the output is  correct, I am taking
> > the binary sequence = "001100001111010101000011011110" as a string, and
> > this should give the following value (after converting back to decimal)
> > = 205,344,990‬
> >
> > I have labeled my different attempts as (Attempt 1, ..., Attempt 3) but
> > none have worked (see the code below):
> >
> > library(stringi)
> > library(dplyr)
> > library(R.utils)
> >
> >
> > #dataset1 <- data.frame(maml.mapInputPort(1)) # class: data.frame
> >
> >
> > ascii_datformat <- utf8ToInt("133m using ogP00PD;88MD5MTDww using 2D7k")
> > ascii_datformat
> >
> > Base <- ascii_datformat - 48
> >
> > decy <- ifelse(Base > 40, Base-8, Base)
> >
> >
> > biny <- intToBin(decy)
> >
> > binyframe <- data.frame(biny)
> >
> > tbinyframe <- paste(t(binyframe[,1]), collapse="")
> >
> > binyframe
> > tbinyframe
> >
> > # Attempt 1
> >
> > bin2dec <- function(x)
> > {
> >    x <- as.character(as.numeric(x))
> >    b <- as.numeric(unlist(strsplit(x, "")))
> >    pow <- 2 ^ ((length(b) - 1):0)
> >    sum(pow[b == 1])
> > }
> >
> > # Attempt 2
> > #bin2dec.easy <- function(binaryvector) {
> > #  sum(2^(which(rev(binaryvector)==TRUE)-1))
> > #}
> >
> > # Attempt 3
> >
> > #utf8ToBin <- function(x, out = c("ascii", "dec", "bin")){
> > #   out <- match.arg(out)
> > #   ascii_datformat <- utf8ToInt(x)
> > #   Base <- ascii_datformat - 48
> > #   Base <- ifelse(Base > 40, Base - 8, Base)
> > #   Bin <- R.utils::intToBin(Base)
> > #   switch (out,
> > #     "ascii" = ascii_datformat,
> > #     "dec" = Base,
> > #     "bin" = Bin
> > #   )
> > #}
> >
> >
> > z <- substr(tbinyframe, 9, 38)
> >
> > result <- bin2dec(z)
> > result
> >
> > Any guidance will be greatly appreciated,
> >
> > Best regards,
> >
> > Paul
> >
> > El vie., 27 dic. 2019 a las 12:31, Rui Barradas (<ruipbarradas using sapo.pt
> > <mailto:ruipbarradas using sapo.pt>>) escribió:
> >
> >     Hello,
> >
> >
> >     Your code and the answers provided, specially Marc's, led me to
> >
> >
> >     utf8ToBin <- function(x, out = c("ascii", "dec", "bin")){
> >         out <- match.arg(out)
> >         ascii_datformat <- utf8ToInt(x)
> >         Base <- ascii_datformat - 48
> >         Base <- ifelse(Base > 40, Base - 8, Base)
> >         Bin <- R.utils::intToBin(Base)
> >         switch (out,
> >           "ascii" = ascii_datformat,
> >           "dec" = Base,
> >           "bin" = Bin
> >         )
> >     }
> >
> >     utf8ToBin("133m@", out = "ascii")
> >     utf8ToBin("133m@", out = "dec")
> >     utf8ToBin("133m@", out = "bin")
> >
> >
> >     Hope this helps,
> >
> >
> >     Às 16:30 de 27/12/19, Paul Bernal escreveu:
> >      > Dear Jeff,
> >      >
> >      > Hope you are doing great. The link I provide below has the
> >     results I am
> >      > expecting. I am doing a test, trying to convert this string:
> >     "133m using ogP00PD
> >      > ;88MD5MTDww using 2D7k" into ascii numbers, then to decimal, and
> >     ultimately, into
> >      > binary. I am trying to recreate the results obtained in the link
> >     below.
> >      >
> >      > http://www.it-digin.com/blog/?p=20
> >      >
> >      >
> >      > Thanks for any guidance you can provide,
> >      >
> >      > Cheers,
> >      >
> >      > Paul
> >      >
> >      > El vie., 27 dic. 2019 a las 11:18, Jeff Newmiller
> >     (<jdnewmil using dcn.davis.ca.us <mailto:jdnewmil using dcn.davis.ca.us>>)
> >      > escribió:
> >      >
> >      >> Your question is incomplete... what do you expect the result to
> be?
> >      >>
> >      >> Perhaps [1] is relevant?
> >      >>
> >      >> [1]
> >      >>
> >
> https://stackoverflow.com/questions/52298995/r-binary-decimal-conversion-confusion-ais-data
> >      >>
> >      >> On December 27, 2019 7:42:36 AM PST, Paul Bernal
> >     <paulbernal07 using gmail.com <mailto:paulbernal07 using gmail.com>>
> >      >> wrote:
> >      >>> Dear friends,
> >      >>>
> >      >>> Hope you are all doing well. I need to find a way to convert
> ascii
> >      >>> numbers
> >      >>> to six digit binary numbers:
> >      >>>
> >      >>> I am working with this example, I converted the string to
> >     ascii, and
> >      >>> finally to decimal, but I am having trouble converting the
> decimal
> >      >>> numbers
> >      >>> into their six digit binary representation. The code below is
> >     exactly
> >      >>> what
> >      >>> I have so far:
> >      >>>
> >      >>> ascii_datformat <- utf8ToInt("133m using ogP00PD;88MD5MTDww using 2D7k")
> >      >>> ascii_datformat
> >      >>>
> >      >>> Base <- ascii_datformat - 48
> >      >>>
> >      >>> ifelse(Base > 40, Base-8, Base)
> >      >>>
> >      >>> x <- rev(intToBits(Base))
> >      >>> dec2bin <- function(x) paste(as.integer(rev(intToBits(x))),
> >     collapse =
> >      >>> "")
> >      >>> dec2bin
> >      >>>
> >      >>> any guidance will be greatly appreciated,
> >      >>>
> >      >>> Best regards,
> >      >>>
> >      >>> Paul
> >      >>>
> >      >>>        [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
> >      >>>
> >      >>> ______________________________________________
> >      >>> R-help using r-project.org <mailto:R-help using r-project.org> mailing list
> >     -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
> >      >>> https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> >      >>> http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> >      >>> and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible
> code.
> >      >>
> >      >> --
> >      >> Sent from my phone. Please excuse my brevity.
> >      >>
> >      >
> >      >       [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
> >      >
> >      > ______________________________________________
> >      > R-help using r-project.org <mailto:R-help using r-project.org> mailing list
> >     -- To UNSUBSCRIBE and more, see
> >      > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/r-help
> >     http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
> >      > and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
> >      >
> >
>

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```