[R] installing R on Ubuntu
edd at debian.org
Sun Feb 8 20:54:00 CET 2009
On 8 February 2009 at 20:36, Tom Backer Johnsen wrote:
| Dear me. Is the installation of R under Ubuntu really that complex? I
| have a dual boot machine (Linux / Windows, where I use the latter the
| most) and have plans to try R under Linux, but have not done so yet. Is
| it possible to simplify the Linux install procedure to make R more
| accessible to novices?
Yes. 'sudo apt-get install r-base ess ggobi' and you have working R, ESS and
Ggobi. Start Emacs, type 'M-x R' and you have an R session inside Emacs.
Is that really easier to accomplish in Windows?
| Compare that to Windows. (1) Download installation program (2) Run
| installation program. That is it.
| Paul Heinrich Dietrich wrote:
| > I've read some of R's literature on Linux, including the R Admin manual, and
| > didn't find it very useful, which is probably my own limitation. But I did
| > finally manage to get it working well. I'm posting this to help others.
| > The following worked when installing R 2.8.1 on Ubuntu 8.04 Hardy Heron.
| > Here are truly step-by-step instructions for those who don't know Linux
| > (like me):
| > Installation and Initial Set-Up of R for Ubuntu Linux
| > 1. Open the Bash terminal (Applications > Accessories > Terminal)
| > 2. Type these lines to add the security key to access the latest version of
| > the R Ubuntu package:
| > user at computer:~$ gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-key E2A11821
| > user at computer:~$ gpg -a --export E2A11821 | sudo apt-key add -
| > 3. Use the Bash terminal to open your sources.list file with gedit (text
| > editor) for editing:
| > user at computer:~$ sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
| > 4. Add this line to the bottom of the sources.list file:
| > deb http://rh-mirror.linux.iastate.edu/CRAN/bin/linux/ubuntu hardy/
| > 5. Save the file and go back to the Bash terminal.
| > 6. Type this to update apt-get's database before you install R:
| > user at computer:~$ sudo apt-get update
| > 7. Install R with this command:
| > user at computer:~$ sudo apt-get install r-base
| > 8. Go to System > Administration > Synaptic Package Manager, and download
| > the build-essential package.
| > 9. To use R, simply enter R in the Bash terminal. To quit, enter q().
| > Additional programs will be needed to install other packages or work with
| > other programs:
| > 1. Install compilers for C++ and Fortran
| > user at computer:~$ sudo apt-get install g++ gfortran
| > 2. Install the developer versions of Blas and Lapack (what are these?)
| > user at computer:~$ apt-get install libblas-dev liblapack-dev
| > Updating Packages in R
| > 1. Open the Bash terminal and start R with root permissions
| > user at computer:~$ sudo R
| > 2. Type > update.packages()
| > Installing the R Commander GUI
| > 1. Open the Bash terminal and type:
| > user at computer:~$ apt-get install r-cran-rcmdr
| > Using the R Commander GUI
| > library(Rcmdr)
| > ...or once the library is open and Commander has been shut down, type:
| > commander()
| > Notes
| > It looks like most of R has been put here:
| > /etc/R (Rprofile.site is here)
| > /usr/lib/R
| > Downloaded Packages seem to go here:
| > /usr/local/lib/R/site-library/
| | Tom Backer Johnsen, Psychometrics Unit, Faculty of Psychology |
| | University of Bergen, Christies gt. 12, N-5015 Bergen, NORWAY |
| | Tel : +47-5558-9185 Fax : +47-5558-9879 |
| | Email : backer at psych.uib.no URL : http://www.galton.uib.no/ |
| R-help at r-project.org mailing list
| PLEASE do read the posting guide http://www.R-project.org/posting-guide.html
| and provide commented, minimal, self-contained, reproducible code.
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